For some it will be a great discovery, but runningfor people - this is far from the best way to travel. The fact is that the design of our body does not allow us to efficiently spend energy, therefore, with prolonged running we quickly get tired and finally stop. Of course, all kinds of exoskeletons can be used to increase endurance, but scientists from the US state of California have developed a cheaper way to run long distances. They believe that if you tie two legs with an elastic band of a certain length, you can move much faster and further. You can try out the new running method right now.
The fact that when running a person is very inefficientspends energy, it is known for a long time. According to scientists, for the movement of legs and maintaining a constant speed, a person uses only 8% of all calories burned during running. All other energy goes to the separation of the body from the earth and maintaining equilibrium, that is, to processes that practically do not affect the speed of overcoming the distance. Usually exoskeletons to facilitate running are used to reduce energy costs for maintaining your own weight, but the method of California researchers makes it easier to take steps.
How to run faster?
As a rule, when running people try to imitatefast animals and take wide steps. However, the body structure of humans and animals is very different, so we should all take short but frequent steps. You can get used to this unusual method of running by fastening two sneakers with a latex medical tube. The length of the tube should equal a quarter of the length of your leg from the hip joint to the ankle.
California scientists have tested the effectivenessthe running method they developed in a study involving 19 athletes. Volunteers were asked in advance not to concentrate on the inconvenience of their legs tied, but simply to run with other thoughts in their head. Surprisingly, the athletes quickly got used to their bound legs and showed a 6 percent increase in stamina when running. They shared that, thanks to the rubber bands, they began to feel lighter and faster. As a result, they were able to run longer than usual.
This is interesting: The mutation of only one gene has made tireless runners out of people.
According to a mechanical engineer named ElliotHawks, such a "spring" is in the body of many animals. It is thanks to them that they are able to quickly overcome long distances. The method developed by him seems to endow people with the missing element of the body, which at times improves their running abilities. The results of the study can be found in the original article published in the journal Experimental Biology.
The fastest person in the world
According to scientists, the run speed of a trainedman reaches 20 kilometers per hour. However, it is only about overcoming short distances of no more than one kilometer. It is possible that the new running method will allow athletes to increase their performance, but hardly anyone will be able to develop a record speed for a person of 20 kilometers in the near future.
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And this record belongs to the Jamaican athletenamed Usain Bolt. It was staged as part of the Beijing Olympics in 2008, when the athlete made the final race of 100 meters. The record holder was able to accelerate to the unthinkable of man 43.9 kilometers per hour. Not a single athlete has achieved the best indicator of speed.
Also one of the fastest people in the world canconsider Kenyan runner Eliud Kipchoge. On October 12, 2019, as part of the INEOS 1:59 Challenge, he ran a marathon 42 kilometers and 195 meters long in less than two hours. Unfortunately, this result cannot be officially considered a record, because the competition did not take place under the leadership of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
Secrets of the human body
In general, our body still remains extremelycomplex and poorly studied system. More recently, in August 2019, we talked about a potentially completely new organ in the human body. Swedish scientists managed to find it and find out how new knowledge can be used to alleviate various types of pain in people.