What distinguishes a person from a robot? Of course, in addition to being different from mechanical internal filling, a person has a unique ability - he knows how to feel. Based on such a difference between the living and the dead, world cinema has created a huge number of films supporting the theory of emotionality as defining a truly human quality. At the same time, despite all the attempts of scientists to create at least partially living organisms capable of displaying genuine emotions, in reality, a modern robot has no more feelings than a brick. Despite such a sad reality, neuroscientists Kingson Man and Antonio Damasio believe that they managed to develop a way to give feelings to inanimate robots. If so, then what can the creation of the first “humanized" robot lead to? Well, let's try to figure it out together.
Is it possible to create a thinking robot?
According to sciencenews portal.org, the only way to give robots the opportunity to feel, may be to teach them fear for their own existence. In order to avoid death, robots would have to develop feelings that guide their behavior to ensure the safety of their being. Researcher Antonio Damasio suggests filling humanoid androids with the so-called “artificial equivalent of feeling”, in which a built-in program could make the machine aware of its condition.
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Most modern smart carsdesigned to perform specific tasks, among which may be the diagnosis of diseases, driving a car or winning a game of chess. However, the execution of the algorithm, leading to the successful completion of the task set for the robot, has nothing to do with creative intelligence that can make mistakes and learn from its mistakes. From Damasio’s point of view, in this case, it is feelings that become the key ingredient that robots so need to turn into a truly thinking creature.
Feelings arise from the need to survive. When people support the robot in a viable state, the robot does not need to worry about its own self-preservation. Therefore, he does not need feelings - signals that something needs repair. Feelings encourage living beings to seek optimal conditions for their survival in nature, which can help intelligent machines learn to experience their own vulnerability in nature in a similar way. In order to perceive potential threats, the robot must be designed to be able to understand its own internal state.
University of Southern California Specialistsargue that the prospects for creating machines with feelings were recently expanded thanks to successes in the development of two key research areas: the creation of the so-called soft robotics and the study of deep learning processes. The development of deep learning methods could allow robotic technology to perform the complex calculations necessary to translate feelings into behaviors that support their existence. For the implementation of the deep learning process, the neural networks of the brain could replace special sets of connected computing elements that mimic the functioning of nerve cells in the human body.
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Deep learning requires several layersneural network, using which an intelligent robot could track its internal state. Representing the state of the environment in a computational form, a machine with a deep learning function could combine various data into a coherent assessment of its surrounding situation. However, the mere ability to sense internal conditions will not play a big role if the viability of the robotic organism is not endangered. Robots made of metal are not worried about mosquito bites, paper cuts or indigestion, but if the robot was made from proper soft materials equipped with electronic sensors, it could detect dangers such as a cut on the “skin” that threatens its insides by engaging in further program to recover the injury.
A robot capable of perceiving existentialrisks, he could learn to develop new methods of protection, instead of relying on pre-programmed solutions. In turn, the development of new self-defense capabilities can also lead to improved thinking skills and the development of intelligence. Can such a statement lead to the appearance of a real prototype of the protagonist from the movie “Terminator”? Share your point of view with like-minded people in our official chat on Telegram.