In the near future, the claim thatnerve cells are not restored, can move into the field of legends. The efforts of English scientists from the University of Bath managed to develop a small chip, the size of which is comparable to the phalanx of the human finger, and functionality allows you to fully recreate the work of human nerve cells.
The developers suggest that such chips will beused to restore the functioning of the spinal cord and to cure heart failure. The main focus of the chips will be the creation of specific devices or implants that can transmit neural impulses, replacing damaged areas of nerve tissue.
Neuron cells are still very little studied and science does not know the mechanisms of work. Creating an understudy for nerve cells will help to study in detail this mysterious system of the human body.
The chip created by scientists will provide an imitation of workhippocampal neurons providing interaction with the brain and neurons providing the respiration process. Through ion channels, the chip transmits electrical impulses to cells.
Testing of the chip was carried out on rats andshowed the ability to simulate the activity of neurons that can replace real biological cells. The developers hope that on the basis of the chips it will be possible to create complete nervous systems that can cure Alzheimer's disease and mechanical damage to the spinal cord.