The diagnosis of autism is currently in the 1-2cases per 1000 people, which makes this disease not uncommon in the modern world. The presence of a large number of patients with autism provokes the creation of the latest drugs for its treatment. According to an article published on sciencealert.com, the results of a new study show a positive trend in the treatment of patients suffering from the disease, as with the help of a budget drug, specialists were able to reduce the symptoms of the disease, significantly alleviating the condition of children suffering from the syndrome.
Can Autism Be Cured?
Autism is a disease characterized bynervous development disorder. It is known that the disease is more common in boys than in girls and is diagnosed when they reach two years of age. Depending on the form and complexity of the disease, children face difficulties in society and when communicating with parents. Such children cannot look parents in the eye, participate in joint games and conversations, often showing repetitive movements and actions in everyday life.
Using a drug-basedBumetanide, which is widely used to treat high blood pressure and reduce swelling, scientists have found a way to treat autistic disorders.
Thanks to previous research onmice, scientists have suggested that the tool is able to influence the composition of chemicals in the brain. To prove this, experts took into account the results of experiments that were conducted on adolescents with autism. The main objective of this study was to study the mechanism of the effect of the drug on the brain structures of humans and animals, which can help scientists in the creation of drugs designed to treat severe forms of the disease.
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The study involved 81 children.with varying severity of the disease at the age of three to six years. Children were divided into two groups, in one of which children were prescribed daily intake of 0.5 mg of bumetadine for three months, after which some children from two groups underwent magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS).
As a result of the study, it turned out that inthe group that was taking the drug, the symptoms of the disease improved significantly, judging by the special autism scale (CARS), taking into account the medical opinion. It is important to note that the doctors who evaluated the changes in the symptoms did not know which children had been treated.
Scientists have found an improvement in the form of a decreaseepisodes of repetitive behavior and increased interest in new items. Experts believe that such improvements can increase the level of sociability of children with a longer exposure to the drug. Scientists also claim that the drug is relatively safe for children and has no side effects.
The results of this study may becrucial in creating a cure for autism, since bumetanide can improve social learning and reduce the symptoms of the disease while the child is still developing and acquires the necessary skills for further life in society.