Titan - Saturn's largest satellite and the onlyafter Earth, a celestial body on which there are real rivers and lakes filled with liquid. In order to create a map of the entire surface of Titan, NASA scientists used information obtained from the Cassini mission, which shows the diverse terrain of mountains, plains, valleys, craters and methane-ethane lakes of the satellite.
What does titanium look like?
Cassini spacecraft revolved aroundSaturn for 13 years, capturing information about the environs of a giant planet and a retinue of its satellites between 2004 and 2017. The mission included more than 100 flights near Titan - the largest satellite of the planet, which allowed researchers to see the surface of the moon of Saturn through its dense atmosphere with unprecedented detail.
Rosalie Lopez, Planetologist from the LaboratoryNASA’s California jet propulsion, has developed a unique Titan surface map based on radar measurements and satellite photographs. The researcher believes that Titan is very similar to the Earth in many ways. So, the atmosphere of the Saturnian satellite is very similar to the earth, and on the surface of the moon there is wind and rain, hills and mountains. According to the expert, if humanity somewhere can once find extraterrestrial life, then this place will probably become exactly Titan.
See also: Lakes on Titan may suddenly explode
According to Nature magazine, two-thirds of the surfaceTitanium consists of flat plains, 17% of the satellite is covered by dunes formed by the wind, and hills and mountains are located on 14% of the surface. In addition, due to the fact that there are practically no impact craters on the surface of the moon of Saturn, planetologists are inclined to consider this world relatively young by cosmic standards.
Titanium is the only world in the solar system, onwhich scientists were able to find fluid. However, if most of the earth’s liquid is represented as the well-known H2O, then on Titan all the seas and lakes are filled with liquid methane, covering only 1.5% of the satellite’s surface.
According to the presented map, most of the lakesTitanium is located near its North Pole, which may be due to the elliptical orbit along which Saturn revolves around the Sun. So, at the moment of approaching the Saturn - Titan pair to the Sun, the northern hemisphere of the satellite begins to survive a rather long summer - a season when liquid precipitation appears, filling the local lakes and seas.
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One of the most promising and anticipatedmissions, which should be realized in 2034, should be the Dragonfly mission, during which a drone manufactured by NASA's laboratories will go to Titan in order to study the detailed details of the satellite’s surface. Due to the fact that in the next decade, scientists do not expect other missions directed towards Saturn, the created surface map of the largest and most famous moon of the giant planet is likely to remain our best global view of Titan in the foreseeable future.