According to the European Sociologicalpoll, Russians more than other Europeans do not believe in climate change. Note that the survey was conducted from 2016 to 2017, so it is possible that today the situation has changed. However, regardless of whether you believe in climate change or not, data from a study published in The Lancet magazine say that global warming negatively affects not only the health of adults, but also the condition of every child on our planet. Moreover, scientists note that a child born today will live in the world four degrees warmer (compared with pre-industrial indicators), and climate change will have far-reaching consequences for human health from infancy to adolescence, adulthood and old age.
We recently told you about a statement of 11 thousandscientists who declared an extreme climate. The world, as we know it, is rapidly changing and not for the better. And while representatives of the older generation, who are often heads of state, dismiss the challenges of climate change, representatives of Generation Z protest around the world, demanding decisive action from governments. And this is not surprising, because they will have to live in a world so graciously created by adults. However, according to scientists, the worst will be children born today.
The disastrous effects of climate change
Lancet Countdown is an international projectThe Lancet medical journal, which studies climate change and its effects on health. According to a report published on November 13, climate change is already adversely affecting the health of all children on Earth. The report confirms the relevance of recent calls for action by youth around the world, in particular from the 16-year-old eco-activist Greta Tunberg, who sharply criticized politicians around the world for not doing enough to combat climate change.
The report is based on internationalinterdisciplinary collaboration of scientists and presents the results and consensus of 35 leading academic institutions and UN agencies. The report draws on the experience of climatologists, ecologists, mathematicians, engineers, experts in the field of energy, food and transport, economists, sociologists, political scientists, public health workers and doctors who conducted a thorough analysis of the data collected.
“Many of the indicators contained in the report suggest that the world is following the path of“ familiar business ”. The chosen trajectory will lead to a fundamentally changed world, ”the researchers write.
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Recall that in 2015 many heads of statesigned the Paris Climate Agreement, which set the goal of "keeping the average global temperature rising below 2 ° C above the pre-industrial level and making efforts to limit the average temperature rise to 1.5 ° C." If this goal is achievable, then the child born today will witness how in 2050 the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere will reach zero. Researchers note that this path of development is possible. Moreover, it will positively affect people's health.
However, if the goals outlined in the Paris Agreement are not realized, and humanity continues to follow the same path, the consequences will be catastrophic.
Our shared, bleak future
Since 1960, the yield potential of allmajor crops are declining worldwide. This threatens food production and food security. Researchers note that it is infants who often experience the brunt of malnutrition. Moreover, as the planet gets warmer, the transmission of many diseases becomes easier. This threatens a variety of epidemics, the victims of which will be mostly children. And this is only the beginning of the impact of climate change on human health and life. Air pollution, which is exacerbated by climate change, is detrimental to children, adolescents and adults, causing harm to all vital organs, including the heart and lungs.
Read about what other problems future generations will face on our channel in Yandex.Zen.
As adolescents grow older, an increase in frequencyand the severity of extreme weather events will only grow. This poses a threat to families, including their access to livelihoods. Already today, people around the world are feeling the effects of extreme weather events. According to scientists, globally, 77% of countries are faced with the consequences of large-scale forest fires over the past 20 years. In low-income countries, the burden of this type of extreme weather is almost entirely on individuals and households. Extreme heat and heatwaves will also worsen, especially in Europe. Over the past two decades, from 1990 to 2018, people in all regions of the world have become more vulnerable to heat. Rising temperatures and heat waves will limit the ability to work for many population groups.
Migration, increasing poverty, violentConflicts and mental illnesses are additional problems that future generations expect, however, scientists note that at the moment it is difficult to quantify their impact.
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Is there any hope for a brighter future?
Despite the fact that the authors of the report claimthat to date, sufficient measures to combat climate change have not been taken, they indicate some trends that give reason for hope. Thus, cities and health systems around the world are gradually adapting and becoming more resilient to the effects of climate change. Still, the results of the Lancet Countdown 2019 report show that there is still much work to be done. In the end, to change course, global changes in economics, politics and business are needed.