Research

China - the birthplace of flying dinosaurs

More than 160 million years ago, the forests of ancient Chinastrange creatures inhabited: tiny, predatory dinosaurs, with leather wings, like flying mice. These amazing creatures glided between the trees like birds. And they were birds with large membranes on the wings. Much later, in the 1860s, a few years after the publication of the Origin of Species, workers in a quarry in Bavaria removed a large stone slab, exposing the skeleton of a strange creature buried there 150 million years ago. He had sharp claws, jaws with teeth, and a long bony tail, like a reptile. But most of all, scientists were surprised at the wings of a bird.

English biologist Thomas Henry Huxley,a follower of Darwin suggested that the find, named Archeopteryx, strangely looks like small predatory dinosaurs of the genus Compsognathus and made a radical assumption. Huxley believed that the found fossil belongs to the ancestor of birds, which could evolve from dinosaurs.

150 years have passed since then. A series of scientific discoveries around the world proved Huxley right. In China, in particular, more fossils have been found to support the suggestion of an English biologist than in any other country. The last on this long list was the small winged dinosaur found in Liaoning Province.

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Liaoning Province

A local farmer discovered Ambopteryx in 2017near a village near Lingyuan, a city in Liaoning Province in northeast China. Immediately after the discovery of the fossil, experts suggested that the remains belong to the bird. But further analysis showed that a new species of dinosaurs appeared before scientists.

Petrified fossil, subsequently received the nameAmbopteryx. This tiny dinosaur belongs to the family of scansoriopterigids - small feathered dinosaurs that had outstretched arms and very long fingers. With their help they climbed and climbed trees.

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Scansoriopterigides were discovered in 1996. It was after them that a series of Liaoning finds followed. Over the past decades, more than 20 species of dinosaurs have been discovered there.

Scientists believe that many birdsRepresentatives of this species in the region provided evolution for a smooth transition to modern birds. It is worth noting that the Chinese government strongly supports the research of the region and all archaeological expeditions. Discoveries in Liaoning and other areas of China allow us to fill the evolutionary gaps and build the evolutionary path that animals followed, before conquering heaven.

Perhaps that is why there are so many flying dinosaurs in Chinese folklore.

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