Space

China announced its readiness to build a lunar base in the next 10 years

Beijing is going to organize a manned missionto the Earth satellite and build a research base on the moon over the next decade, local Chinese media reported Wednesday April 6, citing Chinese national space control officials. The Celestial Empire is trying with all its might to gain the status of a space superpower and, it must be admitted, made a very big step for this, having first made a soft landing of the spacecraft on the surface of the far side of the Moon in early January of this year.

For further progress, China has chosen even moreAn ambitious and bold plan is to build a research station at the lunar South Pole over the next ten years. This statement was made by the head of the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA), Zhang Kejian, during his speech at a special event dedicated to the Day of Space, reports Xinhua state news agency.

In addition, the CNSA administrator added thatBeijing is going to send a Martian probe by 2020, and also confirmed plans to launch the fourth lunar mission, Chang'e-5, at the end of this year. Initially, this mission was planned for 2017, but it had to be delayed due to the unsuccessful launch of a powerful Chinese Long March 5 Y2 rocket in July 2017.

At the event on the occasion of the Day of the cosmos alsoThe announcement was made that the first launch of a new Long March-5B heavy carrier rocket will take place in the first half of 2020. In the course of this launch, it is planned to place the first key elements of the new Tyangun space station (“Heavenly Palace”) in orbit, the full operation of which is to begin in 2022. The station will have to "take the place" of the ISS - a joint project of the United States, Russia, Canada, Japan and several European countries - whose official operation will end in 2024.

Recall that last week, China also announced plans to study an asteroid and a comet using a space probe. China also invites other countries to take part in this project.

Currently working on the satellite of the Earththe “Yuytu-2” lunar rover of the “Chang'e-4” mission, which, together with the landing module, explores the geological features of the back surface of the satellite. Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden are also participating in this mission. Their space agencies provided various scientific equipment for the vehicles.

The video below, prepared by one of the local Chinese media, presents the latest space achievements of China.

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At the moment, China is spending on civilian andmilitary space exploration programs are more than Russia and Japan do, second only to the United States of America. Exact figures are unknown, but according to estimates of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, in 2017, the space budget of the Middle Kingdom was $ 8.4 billion.

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