General, Research, Technology

Can't sing? The brain is to blame

Have you ever thought about why soDo you like music very much? Some answers may come to your mind instantly: music makes us feel emotions more sharply, helps to cope with emotional or physical pain and connects us with other people ... the list goes on and on. Simply put, thanks to music, we feel good, and data from numerous scientific studies confirm this. When we listen to music, our brain releases dopamine, a chemical responsible for both pleasure and addiction. But what happens to the brains of those who sing? Is there a difference in brain activity between professional musicians and those who can't sing?

When a singer does not get into the notes, it is not necessarily a matter of hearing problems.

Singing and physiology

According to researchers, although almost all of usequipped with biological "equipment" for the production of a wide range of notes, about 60% of the people on the planet do not know how to sing. For many years, neuroscientists have studied the musical abilities of people, studying how and why we create music, the relationship between song and language and other secrets of musical knowledge. According to Discover, it turns out that despite the fact that most of us have no voice, amazing things happen in the brains of those who sing.

Despite recognizing bad singingeveryone is capable, far from everyone knows that it also has a scientific definition. Research results show that most people, regardless of musical background, memorize notes and duration of singing pretty well. Overall, about 60% of non-musicians cannot reproduce a tune. But why? To answer this question, it was necessary to exclude the simplest explanation: for those who do not sing well, the vocal cords are not well developed. However, this hypothesis was quickly refuted, since the muscles in the throat have nothing to do with the ability to pick up one or another note.

Bad singer as a baseball player who understands how to beat, and still misses.

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This narrowed the range of possible answers totwo. Inability to sing may also be a matter of perception: perhaps from the very beginning some people simply did not hear the notes correctly. Or it may be difficulties in controlling motor skills - those who sing poorly cannot strain their vocal cords enough to reproduce what they hear. During the experiment, which was attended by professional musicians with experience of at least seven years, as well as people who have never practiced singing.

Subjects were asked to reproducecomputer-synthesized vocal keys. Scientists picked up notes using a simple device in which the button changes the pitch, just like sliding a finger up and down a guitar string. Both groups eventually managed to hear the right notes. While professional musicians were faster, all participants were able to accurately reproduce the notes. But when they were asked to use their own voices to play them, those who did not know how to sing succeeded only in 59 percent of cases. But why?

Turns out bad singing has exact criteria.

Researchers suspect that the underlying problemlies the mechanism of error correction - the ability of the brain to compare its activities with the activities of other people and adjust brain activity. Even when the subjects played the same note more than 20 times, non-professionals who made a mistake the first time could not reproduce the pitch. Typically, they often sang the same erroneous note over and over. This suggests that the brain aggressively repeats the error, even when we detect notes by ear. Our brain has the ability to signal the voice to produce the right note, but has mapped a “wrong exit” to match the perceived note.

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The human brain perceives rather wellmusic, so many of us like to listen to music without being great musicians. But the same brains give our vocal cords wrong instructions. Researchers studying brain injuries and injuries have also found that it’s possible to “retrain” the brain, but for adults it can be a very laborious task that requires daily practice for many years. One way or another, nothing is impossible and if you have a good vocal teacher and patience, then everything will work out.

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