Do you know that absolutely all living organismsDo our planets have one common ancestor? This statement became a reality after studying the genetic code of living organisms living on Earth. Thanks to successes in the field of research of the genetic code, a person was able to invent such an incredible technology as cloning, increased productivity in agriculture and gave rise to the development of the microbiological industry. However, can we reveal the genetic code and what does this even mean?
What is a genetic code?
In order to understand what geneticcode, let's try to imagine some kind of foreign language, the grammar and vocabulary of which we do not understand until we purposefully begin to study it. However, if in the real world language is a means of communication between people, then the genetic code is the language in which the manual for using your body is written. Manual, so to speak.
Each letter in this tutorial isA specific nucleotide is a group of organic compounds. Words that form nucleotides are called codons, and a device that can translate words and turn them into something coherent and understandable is called a ribosome. Together, this turns into a protein molecule, each of which contains 20 different amino acid words. It is the presence of 20 “magic” words, each of which consists of three letters, that is the key characteristic of all life forms on our planet.
See also: Genetics re-counted human genes and were very surprised
How to reveal the genetic code?
As you might have guessed from everythingof the foregoing, the genetic code of all living things on the planet has already been unraveled. Moreover, a detailed study of the genome of a person can now be done by anyone who has an extra $ 100 in his pocket. Such a study can help identify the risks of hereditary diseases, find out your ethnic origin, and even find distant relatives. The most famous companies that offer to do laboratory analysis of your biological material are National Geographic, My Heritage and Ancestry DNA. Research fees for your personal genome may vary depending on the type of test you choose and the country that will enable you to complete this genetic experiment.
By the way, would you like to do a test ondefinition of ethnicity? Maybe you have already turned to the services of specialists from this field? Let's try to discuss these issues in our Telegram chat.
So, a number of Russian companies offer tests withrates starting from 1200 rubles. With their help, you can find out about the level of physical activity recommended to you personally, choose the optimal diet, and even find out how many cups of coffee a day you can drink without harming your health. If you need to know something on a larger scale, then you may be offered tests to determine the likelihood of your developing certain diseases, as well as your ethnicity. As mentioned earlier, passing these tests varies greatly in price depending on your place of birth. So, if in the United States prices start at $ 100, then most companies in the Russian Federation offer to pass a similar test with prices ranging from 20-30 thousand rubles.
Which animals have an unusual genetic code?
As mentioned above, the genetic code of all living things on the planet is exactly the same as the human genetic code.
However, there are exceptions to any rule. So, some of the simplest ones, among which is the infusoria shoe, well-known from the school bench, act as peculiar violators of all genetic rules and orders. The mitochondrial genetic code of these protozoa differs from the standard by the number of codons contained in it. What caused this phenomenon is not yet known reliably, however, it is believed that such a change in the structure of the protein molecule could be caused by mutations that occurred in it.
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