Causes of schizophrenia - one of theUntil recently, common diseases associated with a mental disorder were unknown and poorly studied, but thanks to the development of neurobiology, scientists every day find new mechanisms for the development of such a serious mental disorder. Recent studies have prompted the medical community to create a new hypothesis that identifies the link between vitamin deficiency and the development of schizophrenia. Can schizophrenia be due to a lack of vitamins? Let's try to figure it out together.
Why does schizophrenia occur?
According to the portal Medicalxpress.com, recent studies in South India have revealed a link between the development of schizophrenia and damage to the NAPRT1 gene, which can reduce the body’s ability to absorb vitamin B3 naturally found in meat, eggs, fish and poultry. Scientists suggest that there is a direct relationship between prenatal deficiency of niacin (nicotinic acid) in a pregnant woman due to malnutrition and a gene that interferes with the fetus's ability to absorb beneficial niacin. This interaction between the gene and the prenatal environment may predispose the child to the development of a psychotic disorder. So, some previous studies prove that those offspring of mothers who experienced frequent hunger in the first trimester of pregnancy, the likelihood of developing schizophrenia almost doubles compared to those whose diet was more balanced.
Most scholars suggest that deficiencynutrients plays a key role in the development of not only mental diseases, but also physiological diseases, however, how exactly the lack of a specific nutrient element can provoke the occurrence of brain diseases, scientists have yet to figure out.
Scientists also suggest that pellagra -A disease caused by vitamin deficiency due to malnutrition can also be one of the causes of the development of active psychosis. Between 1906 and 1940, nearly 3 million American citizens earned pellagra due to a nicotinic acid deficiency diet. Treatment for nicotinic acid can quickly and permanently relieve symptoms of the disease, which include psychosis and dermatitis. Perhaps the proper intake of certain vitamins can help in the treatment of schizophrenia?
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As you know, in most cases the firsta symptom of pellagra manifests itself in the form of a rash, which, as a rule, signals the presence of a certain disorder. Meanwhile, in the absence of the first symptoms of pellagra, patients may be mistakenly diagnosed with schizophrenia, which implies a much more complex treatment.
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World Organization Study ResultsHealth researchers have shown that patients with schizophrenia in developing countries recover faster than in Western countries despite the fact that in the West patients receive more extensive medical care. Thus, some of the patients, actually patients with pellagra, were often mistakenly diagnosed with schizophrenia. Getting the necessary nutrients in a hospital, including nicotinic acid, patients could recover well. That is why studies conducted in the 1950s showed successful treatment of schizophrenia with high doses of niacin or vitamin B3, whereas in the 1970s such treatment was ineffective.
Scientists note that correctly setdiagnosis, as well as careful medical monitoring of the treatment of patients with both pellagra and schizophrenia, are extremely important for the health of patients. Taking high doses of vitamins, the patient runs the risk of serious complications in the absence of any dosage control or its intentional excess.