Selflessness or Altruism - Broada concept that is most often comprehended as selfless concern for others and their well-being. A new study aimed at studying this phenomenon shows that people from highly educated areas are more likely to help their neighbor. What exactly is the reason for such selectivity in the manifestation of a similar quality and can it be developed in a larger population of modern cities?
How does education affect goodwill?
Can education affect a person’s character? Asked by this question, researchers from the University of Western Australia conducted an extensive study of the emergence of the mechanism of altruism. So, the author of the study, Dr. Cyril Gruether from the School of Humanities, clarified that although selflessness is a universal human trait, scientists know little about its specific connections with someone else's socio-economic background. According to the phys.org portal, previous studies have shown that residents of areas with a high level of socio-economic environment are more likely to show empathy and concern for the well-being of others.
In a study published in a journalEvolutional Human Sciences, investigated the relationship between different segments of the population, measures to service their socio-economic status, as well as the acts of goodwill shown by them. To conduct an experiment to study prosocial behavior, study co-author Grace Westlake left 600 signed envelopes in 20 suburbs of Australian Perth, counting the number of letters delivered back at the end of the experiment.
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As the results of the experiment show, residentsdisadvantaged areas and areas with an overwhelming majority of the population with a low level of education, most often did not give the found envelopes to the addressee. At the same time, the status of the profession and the educational level had a profound positive impact on residents of prosperous areas, who are much more likely to show initiative and goodwill towards their neighbors. Within the framework of the experiment, this phenomenon manifested itself in a significantly higher percentage of signed envelopes returned to Dr. Westlake.
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Researcher believes that the resultsan experiment can help to develop new models of social policy and education, thereby significantly increasing the level of altruism in various areas, even though the exact cause of altruism still requires further study.