American corporations are fiercely competitiveon the development of projects for the creation of manned spacecraft for the NASA agency. The world's leading aerospace company Boeing launched its CST-100 Starliner spacecraft on December 20 in accordance with an unmanned test program. The mission was not entirely successful, because due to a failure in the time system, the ship could not dock with the ISS. As a result, the CST-100 Starliner returned to earth and successfully landed in the state of New Mexico.
Currently in the NASA Commercial programCrew Development only two companies participate in the development of manned spacecraft for flights to the International Space Station: Boeing with its CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX with Crew Dragon. For many years now, astronauts have been delivered to the station by Russian Soyuz ships.
Ilona Mask company is slightly ahead of Boeing incompetition for the right to deliver American astronauts to the ISS. Back in March of this year, a test unmanned launch was carried out, with a successful docking and the return to Earth of the Crew Dragon. Currently, preparations are underway for certification tests of the SpaceX emergency rescue system, and the first manned flight of the Crew Dragon to the ISS is planned for the first half of 2020.
Test Flight CST-100 Boeing Starlinerended in 15-25 Moscow, when the command was given to the engines to leave orbit. Previously, as a result of an inconsistent time broadcast, the ship's engine system entered an unplanned orbit, and after stabilizing the flight, the device simply did not have enough fuel to maneuver necessary for docking with the ISS. As a result, it was decided to return to Earth.
The service module of the ship was separated from the descentcapsules and burned out in dense layers of the atmosphere. Already at 15-58 Moscow time the capsule landed at the US Army White Sands missile range in southern New Mexico.
When landing, neither the capsule nor the equipmentgot damaged and after studying and analyzing the reasons for the inconsistent broadcast of the time, which led to a failure in the test program. The tests can only be called unsuccessful: launch and landing, as well as maneuvering in orbit, were carried out perfectly. According to experienced astronauts, a time failure in the event of a manned flight would have been detected much earlier, and the ship did not consume excess fuel, and the mission could have completed successfully.
However, now the probability of a time shiftThe manned flight of the Boeing will most likely be postponed from the middle of next year to a later period and SpaceX will gain some advantage.