Daily division occurs in the human bodyTrillions of cells is an extremely complex process in which they replicate their chromosomes and equally distribute mitochondria, Golgi membrane structures and other organelles to daughter cells. Researchers from the Allen Institute managed to create a detailed visualization of the processes occurring with the cell in a three-dimensional model that anyone can see right now.
Integrated Mitotic Stem Cell online toolwas created on the basis of microscopic images of 15 cellular organelles and 75 human stem cells at different stages of division. Each structure, including microtubules, membranes and the nucleolus, is highlighted in different colors - the visualization for the first time in history allows us to consider their movements in such detail.
As soon as you see the division process in the formfull picture, you can start to discover new, unexpected patterns, as well as ask and answer completely new questions about cell division, - shared Rick Horvitz, one of the authors of the project.
Thanks to the detailed visualization, the researchersalready able to make two important discoveries. First, in the second phase of division, they found a “trigger point”, when large rearrangements occur in a cell in all organelles simultaneously. Secondly, they were convinced that before the chromosomes diverge in the structures of the cell, everything happens in a “standardized” way.
Researchers want to use a tool forstudying the differences between normal and cancerous cell division. Anyone can study the created 3D model right now by visiting the Integrated Mitotic Stem Cell website.
Scientists are learning more and more about cellsinformation. For example, researchers at the University of Michigan recently discovered that cells use tissue fibers as a “slingshot,” and rush in the right direction with great speed.
If you are interested in the news of science and technology, be sure to subscribe to our channel in Yandex.Dzen. There you will find exclusive materials that are not published on the site!