Satellite navigation systems are being createdleading countries or associations and are intended to form platforms independent of global competitors. In the middle of next year, China completes its own BeiDou system (BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, BDS) capable of providing information software comparable to GPS (USA), Galileo (Europe) and GLONASS (Russia).
In the last days of the year, the head of the projectBeiDou announced the launch of the main satellite constellation into orbit. The Long March 3B rocket launched on December 23 ensured the delivery into orbit of satellites that became 56 and 57 in the main group or 23 and 24 satellites of the third generation Beidou positioning system.
Satellite output for BeiDou positioning systemIII generation began in November 2017. After that, Chinese experts conducted 18 launches and launched 30 satellites into orbit. Since the beginning of the project, 57 satellites were launched, deployed in a constellation providing global coverage of the Earth.
The first BeiDou residents were testedChina and the Asia-Pacific region, where the system was launched in 2012 as a regional positioning system. Since the end of 2018, BeiDou has become a global system, and currently it is serviced by 46 operational satellites.
The final stage of the BeiDou project will belaunch of two more satellites into geostationary orbit, the launch of which is scheduled for early 2020. After the formation of the group is completed, a period of stable operation will begin without significant modernization. The next phase of the BeiDou update is only planned for 2035.
Currently for Chinese usersThe process of connecting to the BeiDou system is completely open, and according to statistics, more than 70% of smartphones operating in China support BeiDou. More than 120 project partners are planning to use the Chinese global positioning system in mapping in the near future.