Research

Because of people, many animals began to live at night.

As people get more and moreinvading and destroying the habitats of wild animals, these animals come to the conclusion that the best way to survive is not to collect belongings and move, but to go to a nightlife. This was the conclusion of a new study that showed that many earlier daytime animals, such as foxes, deer and wild boars, had become nocturnal to hide from the fear of human activity. But this transition to night mode has its own risks.

For the work of researchersanalyzed 76 studies that examined 62 mammal species on six continents — from possums to elephants — that changed their behavior in response to human activities such as hunting, agriculture, and construction. The studies used various technologies to monitor animals, from GPS trackers to motion-activated cameras.

As night fell, the animals became muchmore active than they were before the advent of people. Now they hunt and feed in the dark. Mammals, which distributed their activities evenly between day and night, increased their nocturnal activity to 68%, scientists reported in Science.

It also turned out that animals changed their imagelife in response to the appearance of people regardless of whether direct human activity affected them. Thus, a deer could become more active at night simply because it saw people nearby, and not because it was hunted.

Scientists believe that night behavior is not onlyallows people and animals to coexist together, but also gives us clues as to what measures to preserve the species to apply. For example, it is possible to limit human activity at a certain time in relation to certain types. But the transition to nightlife will not go unnoticed by animals. It can reduce the ability of animals to hunt and successfully feed, as well as affect the search for a pair to mate. It turns out, despite the fact that the animals began to live the nightlife, this does not mean that they got rid of the influence of man.