Artificial Intelligence plus Convergence: Five Expected Breakthroughs

Today we talk about artificial intelligenceand convergence. Neil Jacobstein is an expert in artificial intelligence with vast experience (more than 25 years of consulting). He is currently engaged in AI and robotics at Singularity University Peter Diamandis, another prominent figure in the field of AI, life extension, robotics and other futuristic areas. This year, at the Abundance360 exhibition, Neil predicted five trends that he believes will gain momentum in the next 5 years.

Artificial Intelligence Predictions for 2019-2024

AI will generate new non-human results in pattern recognition and intelligence.

AlphaGo Zero, a computer program computertraining, trained to play the complex game of go, won the world champion of go in 2016 with a score of 100: 0. But instead of learning from people, AlphaGo Zero trains, playing against itself - this method is known as reinforcement training.

Creating your own knowledge from scratch, AlphaGo Zerodemonstrates a new form of creativity, free from human bias. More importantly, this type of pattern and pattern recognition allows machines to accumulate thousands of years of knowledge in a matter of hours.

Although such systems cannot yet answerthe question "What is orange juice?" Over the next five years, who knows what AlphaGo Zero will have successors, developing both business techniques and functions, as well as a person’s daily life.

Doctors run the risk of office without using machine learning to diagnose and plan treatment.

Not long ago a group of Chinese and AmericanThe researchers created an AI system that diagnoses common childhood diseases, from flu to meningitis. Trained on electronic medical records collected from 1.3 million outpatient visits of 600,000 patients, the AI ​​program learned how to diagnose diseases with unprecedented accuracy.

Although the American health care system is notIt has the same level of universal health data available as some Chinese systems, both of which are making progress in the field of medical AI. Dr. Kang Zhang, director of the University of California at San Diego Ophthalmic Genetics Center, created his own system that detects signs of diabetic blindness, using both text and medical images.

Jacobstein predicts that in the future “we will seea turning point when doctors feel that not using machine learning and AI in their daily practice will be risky, because you can miss an important diagnostic signal. ”

The quantum breakthrough will significantly speed up the search and testing of drugs.

Scientists estimate that there are 1060 possiblethere are more drug molecules than atoms in our solar system. But today, scientists have the ability to predict the composition of drugs, based on the properties of the molecular structure, and then synthesize many options to test the hypothesis.

Quantum computing can turn this long and expensive process into an effective one, not to mention a possible breakthrough protocol for drug discovery.

"Quantum computing will have a largeindustrial influence, ”says Jacobstein,“ but not due to the breaking of encryption, but due to the invasion of drug design using massively parallel processes involving superposition, quantum interference, entanglement. They significantly surpass classical calculations. ”

AI will disperse both the vulnerability and the security of the security systems.

As far as the inclusion of AI in almost every aspectour lives, cyber attacks are becoming increasingly threatening. “Deep Attacks” can use the created AI content in order to avoid control by the person and AI.

From recent examples - fake videos of the formerUS President Barack Obama, on which he utters fake sentences, and artificial intelligence, which is deceiving another algorithm, “replacing” the “STOP” sign with a speed limit to 60 km / h. Without adequate protection, AI systems can be manipulated to perform any number of destructive tasks, whether it is destroying reputation or misleading autonomous vehicles.

Opinion Jacobstein: “We all have security systems in buildings, in our homes, in the health care system, air traffic control, financial institutions, military and intelligence communities. But we all know that these systems are periodically hacked - and we will observe it more and more often. Thus, both business and you have the opportunity to think now and attend to security before it is too late. ”

Design systems AI will provide a breakthrough in atomically accurate production.

Just as a modern computer has changedour relationship with bits and information, the AI ​​will redefine and revolutionize our relationships with molecules and materials. Currently, AI is used to search for new materials in the field of clean technologies: solar batteries, batteries and devices for artificial photosynthesis.

According to industry experts, today to createa single new material takes from 15 to 20 years. But since the AI ​​design systems are rapidly gaining power, this will significantly speed up the process of detecting materials, which will allow us to solve pressing problems - like climate change - at a record speed.

Atomic precision production will allow us to produce previously unimaginable.

What will artificial intelligence be in five years?

Total for the last three years countries aroundThe globe was signed with national AI strategies and developed plans to scale up innovation. The business is also actively interested in this scene, hiring AI engineers and technical consultants to use the so-called “electricity of the 21st century,” as Andrew Eun called it.

If your business does not begin to implement practicesartificial intelligence already now, perhaps he will soon be "out of work." Agree with this statement? We offer to challenge him in our chat room in Telegram.