General, Research, Technology

Artificial coral can save the Great Barrier Reef

A recent study that was conductedA team of Australian scientists revealed discoloration of the world's largest coral reef. As the researchers found, corals lose their color due to the death of the symbiotic zooxanthellae, which belong to the genus Symbiodinium. The reason for this was a sharp change in water temperature, as well as changes in salinity and the appearance of various kinds of pollution. Due to major changes in the Great Barrier Reef, scientists are seriously puzzled by the invention of the latest methods that will allow to repair the damage caused to the world's largest living structure.

Great Barrier Reef

Is it possible to restore the Great Barrier Reef?

According to the portal New Atlas, massCoral reef bleaching was noted in 2016 and 2017, when the water temperature in the northern part of the reef reached 32 degrees Celsius. If such stress were of a short nature, then the death of corals could have been avoided, but because of the annual increase in temperature, about 60-70% of shallow and about 40% of deep-sea corals received some kind of damage even though they were protected from heat shock by the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of 40 meters.

The Great Barrier Reef experienced periods four timesmass discoloration in 1998, 2002, 2016 and 2017. According to the analysis of the climate model, it was revealed that if the anthropogenic load on the Earth’s climate does not decrease, then the disastrous events on the Great Barrier Reef will occur every year, starting from 2044.

See also: In Australia, divers replaced by robots to guard the reef

A team of scientists from Australia is seriously worriedstate of the world's largest living reef, deciding to start developing the latest ways to preserve it. So, they have already created special protective films that soften harsh sunlight, develop a program for processing dead corals into structures that promote the growth of living corals, and even introduce underwater robots during mass spawning. Such massive spawning events were discovered 38 years ago, when their periodic regularity allowed scientists to study again and again the effect of experimental methods on the reset of the natural process.

LarvalBot - a device with which scientists hope to restore the Great Barrier Reef

In order to restore the largestcoral reef in the world, scientists are preparing for field trials of a new device that will help restore the former beauty of the Great Barrier Reef. Coral IVF can help them complete such a difficult mission.

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When during the previous mass spawninga team of researchers gathered millions of coral sperm and eggs, the scientists then co-cultured the larvae with a type of algae called zooxanthellae. Grown in laboratory conditions, algae have higher heat resistance and, introducing them into the natural environment, they have a great chance of successful survival on a coral reef. Currently, modernized corals live in a special reservoir in which scientists every day manage to grow more and more new colonies.

Australian Great Barrier Reef survives the most serious coral bleaching event

In case of successful testing of the latest technologycoral IVF, scientists will be able to restore reefs around the world, as global warming and rising sea temperatures pose an increasing threat to all natural ecosystems. Even though the full-scale application of the new technology requires serious efforts, scientists are ready to design the process in such a way as to be able to successfully develop new approaches to the restoration of the animal world of our time.