An amazing find was made by archaeologists duringexcavations in the Egyptian city of Luxor. No, this time it's not about mummies and not even about the "Book of Death". Scientists have discovered an entire residential Roman city, or rather a residential Roman district, in the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, located near the modern city of Luxor. It was built in the second or third centuries AD, when Egypt was a Roman province. According to an official statement, this is the first full-fledged residential city of the era of the Roman Empire, found in Egypt. In addition to the buildings of the ancient settlement themselves, archaeologists also found a lot of artifacts here - pottery, Roman bronze and copper coins, bottles, flasks, bells, etc. According to scientists, this find will shed light on what the Egyptian cities were like, including Thebes during the time of the Roman Empire. Already, scientists have managed to find out something about the culinary preferences of the inhabitants of the Roman city.
ancient roman city
Scientists have discovered an ancient residential area nearbyfrom Luxor Temple. This is an ancient religious center that was built before the Roman Empire under the rule of several famous pharaohs - Amenhotep III, Ramesses II and Tutankhamen. However, the residential area came much later, when Egypt was subjugated by the Roman Empire and the Roman emperors were portrayed as pharaohs.
As the official statement saysMinistry of Tourism and Antiquities of Egypt - "Identified the most important and oldest residential city in the east of the mainland in the province of Luxor, which is a continuation of the ancient city of Thebes"
In addition to residential buildings in the city, there were workshops forproduction and smelting of metals, as well as pigeon towers. They were a kind of farm in which pigeons were bred for food. The towers were equipped with clay pots, which served as nests for birds. According to scientists, the pigeons they bred lived and bred in nature on rocky cliffs along the coast. Therefore, potted towers are great for imitating rocks, so that the bird could breed in captivity.
From this we can conclude that the townspeople of the Romanthe sleeping area of the city in cooking preferred pigeons. Although, so far this remains only an assumption made on the basis of the discovered structures. In general, since the find was made quite recently, there are not many details about it.
Roman city in Egypt built under the emperor Diocletian?
Why could a Roman language arise in Thebes at all?Residential area? According to some scholars, the city may have been related to a Roman military camp. It is known that it was located just in this area during the reign of Emperor Diocletian, that is, between 284 and 305 AD. Around the same time, a city discovered by archaeologists arose.
It is quite possible that the settlement arose outside the military camp, but at the same time served it. However, further evidence is needed to draw final conclusions.
Was the Roman city in Luxor known for a long time?
According to the Polish scientist Jacek Kostiuk,honorary professor at the Wrocław University of Science and Technology, the Roman residential area in Luxor is not a new find. He himself participated in the excavations of this city back in the 80s, which is confirmed by several documents and articles published in scientific journals.
Archaeologists in the early 80s managed to discoverremains of Roman houses and baths. However, this does not make the current find any less significant. The fact is that 40 years ago only a small part of the city was found. The current find is much larger. It will allow you to get much more information about the life of the Egyptian city as a colony of the Roman Empire. But this requires careful research.
Egyptian archaeologists plan to continue excavations. It is possible that they will be able to find other sectors of the ancient Roman city, which will provide a more complete picture of the Roman village.
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It should be noted that such studies"lost" cities sometimes allows you to find out unexpected information. Earlier we said that one of the newly discovered cities turned out to be the biblical Sodom. His research made it possible to find out the cause of the death of the ancient settlement. As it turned out, it strikingly matches the biblical description. The current city, if it does not become such a sensation, then at least shed light on the history of Egypt as part of the empire.