Modern techniques for the treatment of herniated discsdisks are associated with surgical intervention and at the same time do not give a one hundred percent guarantee of a complete cure. A group of scientists from Italy and the Cornell Institute of the United States proposed a modern effective technique that solves the problem of combating a dangerous ailment.
The human spine is made up of cylindricalrings, between which there are natural shock absorbers - spinal discs, which are a jelly-like core enclosed in a shell. If the annular membrane is damaged or ruptured, a vertebral hernia forms, as a result of which pressure is applied to the spinal nerve endings, causing acute pain.
During traditional treatmentSurgically removes the “precipitated” part of the intervertebral nucleus, followed by suturing the breakthrough in the membrane of the intervertebral disc. With this method, the disk is in a "deflated" state without providing effective cushioning. Another technique solves the problem by adding a kernel substitute. In this case, there is a danger of secondary leakage of material through an unprotected hole.
In the latest method proposed by scientists,the method of replenishment and application of a peculiar patch to the breakthrough site is combined. The task is being solved in stages. At the first stage, a discectomy is performed - removal of the outgoing intervertebral disc of a substance. Then, jelly-like hyaluronic acid is introduced into the inner space, and a special collagen - riboflavin gel is applied to the rupture site.
In the next step, the gel is irradiatedlight of high intensity, as a result of which the substance hardens, due to the presence of riboflavin, which is sensitive to light. Collagen forms a rigid patch, which then, as a result of diffusion, will for a long time be replaced by natural biological tissue. Currently, the technique has passed a successful test on sheep.