AMD and Cray are going for three years(they promise that the machine will work in the years 2021-2022) to create the most powerful supercomputer, not only in the United States, but throughout the world. He will be called Frontier. The project will be implemented with the support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The machine will have not only enormous computing power, but also equipped with the next-generation artificial intelligence.
It is reported that the approximate power of the newsupercomputer will be over 1.5 exaflops. In other words, in a second he can perform about 1.5 quintillion (1,500,000,000,000,000,000) computational operations. The car is planned to be installed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the University of Tennessee.
"The record power of the Frontier will give our countryan opportunity to lead in world science, which ensures the life and economic prosperity of Americans and the whole world, ”commented US Secretary of Energy Rick Perry.
According to him, the United States is forced to create more and more powerful computers, so that China, which is also actively involved in the creation of supercomputers, will not be ahead of them in this direction.
"To date, the United States is still the worlda leader in artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, but China is gaining momentum. The authorities in Beijing invested and supported Chinese developments in the field of AI with one goal: to overtake the USA and gain world leadership in the field of AI, ”he added.
As central processors inFrontier supercomputer will use AMD EPYC specialized chips. They are planned to be used in a new system in tandem with professional graphics processors Radeon Instinct. Along with them, there will be a low-latency, high-latency Infinity Fabric interconnect that will link four GPUs and one CPU at each node.
As noted portal The Verge, the system canprocess an incredible amount of data very quickly due to the bandwidth that is 24,000,000 times higher than the average Internet connection. In one second, the system will be able to process, for example, 100,000 HD movies. Of course, it is unlikely that it will be used for such purposes - the machine will be used for scientific and other research in the interests of the US government.
The area that will occupy the supercomputerFrontier will be about 680 square meters, which is almost equivalent to the area of two basketball fields. It will use about 150 kilometers of various cables.
Currently the most powerful super-computer inThe world is the IBM Summit. Will be commissioned in June last year. Located in the same Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The computing power of the computer is 122.3 PFLOPS. Based on 9216 22-core IBM POWER9 processors and 27,648 NVIDIA Tesla V100 graphics processors.
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