Research

Air pollution kills 5.5 million people a year

A new study shows that over 5.5million people die prematurely every year from air pollution. More than half of deaths occur in the two most growing economies in the world: India and China.

Power plants, factories, cars emit inair is the smallest particles hazardous to human health. A new study showed that despite attempts to limit emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere, the number of deaths associated with air pollution will increase significantly in the coming decades if urgent and decisive measures are not taken.

“Air pollution is one of the moststrong risk factors for death, said Michael Brower, a professor at the University of British Columbia. “Reducing air pollution is an extremely effective way to improve public health.”

An analysis by scientists has shown that in India andChina accounts for 55% of all deaths caused by air pollution. In 2013, about 1.6 million people died from poor air quality in China and 1.4 million people in India.

In China, coal burned is the maincause poor air quality. Only he led to the premature death of 366 thousand people in 2013. In India, the main air pollutants remain burned wood, manure and other biological sources used for cooking and heating. Millions of the poorest Indian families are regularly exposed to harmful particles in their homes.

Over the last fifty years in NorthSignificant efforts have been made in America, Western Europe and Japan to combat air pollution - including using cleaner fuels, more efficient cars, limiting the use of coal, and restricting power plants and plants.

“I was developing and applying strategiesI know how hard it is to improve air quality in the United States and from my own experience. Developing countries face an extremely difficult task, said Dan Greenbaum, president of the non-profit organization Health Effects Institute. “This study will help them find a way to solve this problem, showing actions that will best affect people's health.”