Coral reefs - one of the most diverseecosystems of the world, more than eight hundred species of coral create and provide a habitat and shelter for about 25% of the world's marine flora and fauna. Reefs also benefit people by protecting coastlines from tropical storms, providing food and income for 1 billion people, bringing the tourism industry $ 9.6 billion annually. However, reefs are threatened with extinction and are being destroyed due to overfishing, bottom trawling, warming and unsustainable coastal development.
“The CORaiL project is an example of how artificialintelligence and other modern technologies can be used by researchers to observe and restore coral reefs. We are proud to partner with Accenture and the Sulubaaï Environmental Foundation in this important effort to protect our planet, ”said Rose Scoler, vice president of sales and marketing at Intel.
An important part of the CORaiL project was the needdetermine the number and variety of fish around the reef - these factors are key indicators of the overall health of the reef. Traditionally, observation of coral reefs consists in their photo and video shooting by divers. This approach is dangerous and time-consuming, and can also disrupt the life of marine life - divers can accidentally scare fish.
Accenture, Intel, and Sulubaaï Engineersintroduced the Sulu-Reef Prosthesis (SRP) artificial concrete reef to support unstable coral fragments underwater. SRP was designed by Sulubaaï and located on the reef surrounding Pangatalan Island in the Philippines, fragments of living corals were planted on it that would grow and expand, providing a hybrid habitat for fish and marine organisms.
Then the engineers placed intelligentAccenture underwater camcorders equipped with Accenture's Video Analytics Services Platform (VASP) for detecting and taking photographs of fish. VASP uses Intel Xeon-based AI, Intel FPGA and Intel Movidius VPU programmable acceleration cards to count and classify marine organisms. The data is sent to land-based equipment, providing real-time analytics capabilities for researchers. In total, since the implementation of the solution in May 2019, about 40,000 images were collected.
“Artificial intelligence providesunprecedented opportunities to solve some of the most complex problems of society. Our ecosystem of corporate and social partners in the Artificial Intelligence for Social Welfare project proves that the use of modern technology can have a positive impact on the environment, ”said Jason Mitchell, managing director of Communications, Media and Technology at Accenture.
Accenture and Intel engineers are already working on a newa CORaiL prototype that will include an optimized evolutionary neural network and a redundant power supply. They also study infrared cameras, which will allow you to create a complete picture of the coral ecosystem with the help of video at night. Among the additional areas of application of the solution is the study of the rate of migration of tropical fish to colder countries and monitoring the invasion of protected and closed underwater zones.
Source: accenture press release