General, Research, Technology

A new spot has been found in a new photograph of Jupiter. What it is?

Jupiter is considered the largest planet in the Solarsystems. It is mainly composed of huge amounts of hydrogen and helium, therefore it has a much lower density than many other planets. Most of all, Jupiter is known for its storms - in almost every photograph of it you can see the so-called "Great Red Spot". This spot is the largest of the constantly moving storms. Its diameter is several times the size of our planet. But every person should also know that on the surface of a huge planet is raging and many other storms... Recently NASA aerospace agencyshared a new photo of Jupiter taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. It shows several storms at once, about which many interesting details are already known.

New Hubble photograph of Jupiter

Content

  • 1 Features of Jupiter
  • 2 New photos of Jupiter
    • 2.1 Great red spot
    • 2.2 The second spot on Jupiter
    • 2.3 New storm on Jupiter

Features of Jupiter

The gas giant Jupiter is the fifth planet in the solar system. Its diameter is 139 820 kilometers... It is much larger than our planet Earth, with a radius of only 12,742 kilometers. And the mass of Jupiter is generally unimaginable - according to scientists' calculations, the giant weighs in 2.47 times largerthan all the planets of the solar system combined. There is no surface layer on which astronauts or spacecraft could land. All we see in the pictures are huge clouds. Since the 1970s, many NASA interplanetary stations like Voyagers and Juno have approached the planet.

As seen by Jupiter in 1879 and 2014

New photos of Jupiter

NASA recently shared a new snapshotJupiter, which was taken by the Hubble Space Observatory. This telescope was launched into low-earth orbit in the distant 1990 and is currently at an altitude of about 569 kilometers. The Aerospace Agency is already preparing a replacement in the form of the James Webb Telescope, which is slated to launch in 2021.

Hubble telescope

Great red spot

The most interesting object in the photograph is of courseis the famous Great Red Spot. This is the most famous storm that rages on the surface of the gas giant. The formed storm rotates counterclockwise and scientists believe that it formed approximately 350 years ago... Today its diameter is 15 800kilometers, which is larger than the size of the Earth. However, over time, its size decreases - in 2017, its diameter was larger and was equal to 16 350 kilometers. What is the reason for the decrease in the huge storm, scientists still do not know.

Jupiter's Great Red Spot

Interesting fact: the rotation speed of the Great Red Spot also dropped over time. Compared to the observations of past years, today it moves very slowly, but has not completely stopped.

The second spot on Jupiter

There is another storm below the Great Red Spot, referred to as Oval VA... It is much younger and smaller than the big spot. According to the observations of scientists, this storm was formed in the 1990s, during the merger of three other storms that raged on Jupiter for about 60 years. When astronomers first noticed it, it was painted white. In 2006, he began to turn red like his "big brother". Subsequent photographs showed that he was turning white again. In the new image from Hubble, it again began to turn red. He seems to be blinking, but scientists still do not know what this is connected with.

The above Oval VA

See also: Why will the "Lucy" station study the asteroids of Jupiter?

New storm on Jupiter

Look at the center line of the planet - acrossan orange stripe passes through it. According to scientists, this is a hydrocarbon haze, but they are not particularly interested in it. The more interesting object is located above and to the left of the center line. This is a new white storm, followed by a long tail. According to the calculations of the researchers, it was formed on August 18 and is currently moving at a speed of 560 kilometers per hour... You can see that he also has orangestructures that look like the aforementioned spots. According to scientists, they may indicate that the formed storm will last for a very long time. So, in the following images of Jupiter, be sure to pay attention to how the appearance of a fresh storm is changing.

New storm on Jupiter

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Scientists are very interested in studying Jupiter,because through this research they will be able to learn a lot of interesting things about planet formation. Researchers recently discovered that the gas giant has much more water than previously thought. You can find out why this is important in this material.

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