The first fully leased in Holland3D printed house. We have already written about such projects earlier, but all previous structures were printed only partially and no one used them for housing. An elderly couple settled in the new house and have already shared their impressions. Apparently, the structure has no particular drawbacks: it was built very quickly, has high strength and a very unusual shape. If the same house were built by hand, it would have taken a lot of time, whereas in the case of the Dutch dwelling, it took the builders only 5 days. Perhaps the future is behind 3D-printed houses, so let's take a closer look at how the building was built and why is all this so cool? At the same time, let's see how the house looks from the inside and outside.
To begin with, I would like to note that this dwelling is called “the first in the world” in the media. By all accounts, the journalists mean that this house is the first of its kind to be successfully rented out.
Printing houses on a 3D printer
The unusual house was built by Saint-GobainWeber Beamix near the Dutch city of Eindhoven. According to the head of the company Bas Huysmans (Bas Huysmans), this 3D-printed dwelling differs from all others in that it is 100% authorized by the authorities and already rented out. Construction was supposed to be completed in 2019, but the company noticed problems in the structure of the walls, because of which the event was postponed indefinitely. But now the house is completely ready for living and it was not empty for long.
The property was rented by a married coupleHarry Dekkers, 67, and Eliza Lutz, 70. Instead of a key to the front door, they got access to a mobile application that allows them to enter the house with the press of just one button. According to Harry Dekkers, the dwelling is a bit like a bunker and inside it feels completely safe. In the photos below, you can see the first inhabitants of the house against the background of a very neat interior - it seems that they have nothing to complain about.
See also: Thieves have learned to print a key from a photo on a 3D printer
How does a 3D printer print a house?
According to The Guardian, for constructionthe building used a huge robotic arm with a nozzle that squeezes out the cement. Layer by layer, a huge 3D printer created 24 parts, which were later transported to the current location of the dwelling. The only thing left for the builders was to connect these parts together and then install the doors and windows. The use of a 3D printer made it possible to quickly create an oval-shaped dwelling, which is a rather difficult task for builders. With manual construction, it could take a month or more, but printing technology made it possible to complete the construction in just 5 days.
The dwelling looks small in the photographs, butit is reported that the area of the house is 94 square meters. Stripes are visible on the walls of the structure, by which you can distinguish each layer of the 3D-printed cement. In fact, in the pictures, the structure does not look as solid as it is reported. In Holland, hurricanes often rage and I personally wonder if such a house can withstand strong gusts of wind? In February 2020, hurricane Ciara raged across the country, generating winds at speeds of up to 120 kilometers per hour. It seems printed bungalow could not withstand such a blow.
Bungalow Is a one-story single-family house thathas a flat roof and an extensive veranda. Most often, such structures are found in the US state of California, but, as we already understood, they are in Holland and other countries.
Benefits of 3D printed houses
At the beginning of this article, I mentioned that the future could be behind 3D-printed houses. Perhaps in the future, people will prefer such dwellings, as they will have the following advantages:
- they are built quickly and without expensive materials, that is, they will be cheap;
- for all their cheapness, they are very durable (at least that's what they say) and look good;
- to create such houses, manual labor is not needed, everything is done by a robot that does not need rest - this should also reduce the cost.
In the near future, Saint-Gobain WeberBeamix intends to build four more homes. In the process, she will try to make sure that the component parts are printed on site and do not need to be transported by trucks. It is possible that someday in Holland there will be a whole housing complex of such structures, but this is only a guess so far.