In the extreme north-east of Russia there isChukotka Autonomous Okrug. According to data for 2020, about 50,288 people live in this area of 721,481 square kilometers. Chukotka has a very harsh climate, because winter lasts 10 months, and the air temperature is often kept around -30 degrees Celsius. Local residents are mainly engaged in animal husbandry, plant growing and mining. The inhabitants of Chukotka are usually called Chukchi - this people has its own culture with its own customs. These people are quite different from us and what is the norm for them may seem very strange to the inhabitants of large cities. Within the framework of this article, I propose to consider several interesting features of the inhabitants of Chukotka. Some facts may be quite unexpected.
- 1 How do the Chukchi survive in the cold?
- 2 What do the Chukchi eat?
- 3 Why are Chukchi considered swingers?
- 4 What do the Chukchi names mean?
- 5 Why don't the Chukchi smell?
- 6 Is it true that the Chukchi do not save the drowning?
- 7 How do the Chukchi greet?
How do the Chukchi survive in the cold?
The main feature of the indigenous people of Chukotkalies in the fact that they are not afraid of the cold. Visitors to the North have observed many times how Chukchi children ran out of their homes in 50-degree frost and played with the snow. Women can go outside with their heads uncovered and quietly engage in sewing. Sometimes people are so busy with work that they get hot and throw off some of their clothes. Scientists still do not know what is the reason for their amazing ability to easily endure even severe frosts. But one day, American scientists discovered genes in them that allow cells to generate additional heat. In short, the organisms of the inhabitants of Chukotka first process fatty foods. This fat is converted into heat, after which the body constricts blood vessels to store this energy for as long as possible.
What do the Chukchi eat?
Every nation has quirky characteristicsnational cuisine. In France, they eat frog dishes, the Scandinavians are not averse to eating rotten fish, and the inhabitants of Asian countries love insects. The residents of Chukotka also have similar features. They do not particularly like salty food, and the bread that we are used to, tastes sour to them. But they have an unusual delicacy, which is a stew of half-digested moss extracted from the stomach of a deer. Also in their diet you can find sorrel porridge, the roots of various plants and the entrails of animals. And this is completely normal, because, as we have already found out, culinary quirks are found in all cultures.
Why are the Chukchi considered swingers?
Swing is the mutual exchange of constantssexual partners for additional sexual satisfaction. It sounds unexpected, but the Chukchi often practice it. It is believed that by exchanging wives, men strengthen their friendship. In their language, the ritual is called "ngevtumgyn", which can be translated as "wife's friendship." Also, according to marriage customs, at the death of the head of the family, one of his brothers is obliged to marry a widowed woman. Thanks to this, families are not left stranded.
Do you know what happens if you marry a cousin?
What do the Chukchi names mean?
Chukchi very much believe in evil spirits, thereforeuse different ways to trick them. Previously, girls were often given male names, and boys female names. Usually Chukchi names meant natural phenomena or indicated the place where the child was born. Typical male names of the Chukchi are Aleleke, Imryn, Atch-ytagyn, Alyapenryn and so on. And among women, Iv-nevyt, Penr-yna and Tyna-tval can be distinguished. But these are all traditional names that are rarely given today. Now the inhabitants of Chukotka most often take Russian names.
See also: Where did some people get funny surnames?
Why don't the Chukchi smell?
In the middle of the 20th century, the inhabitants of Chukotka could hardlycall them neat. If you believe the historical documents of those times, the Chukchi lived in mud and often suffered from lice. But today the inhabitants of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug already observe the rules of personal hygiene. But they don't use deodorants because they simply don't need them. It just so happened that the Chukchi do not sweat. The fact is that they are rubbed with fat and thereby block the sweat glands. At the same time, they do not harm their health, because their bodies are well adapted to internal water exchange.
Is it true that the Chukchi do not save the drowning?
You can find a very interesting fact on the Internetthat the Chukchi will never save a drowning person and will allow him to die. This is true, only today this behavior is no longer relevant and a drowning person must be saved. But at the beginning of the 20th century, the inhabitants of Chukotka believed that water is a portal between the world of the living and the dead. And if you save a drowning person, you can anger evil spirits. And nobody wanted to allow this.
How do the Chukchi greet?
This may seem wild to us, butwhen meeting, some Chukchi often sniff each other. This ritual often replaces them with hugs and is proof that the representatives of this people have a well-developed sense of smell. For example, it is normal for men to come home and cuddle up to their wife and children to breathe in the smell of their clothes. It is believed that in wartime the Chukchi could find out by the smell of bones whose remains they found - their man or the enemy.
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If you are interested in knowing the details about liferepresentatives of other nations, I recommend reading the material about 100 non-contact tribes of the world. In it, my colleague Lyubov Sokovikova spoke about the peculiarities of the life of the aborigines, who refuse to let strangers near them.