The very first tank in the world was developed in 1916year by the British company William Foster & Co. It was called Mark I and was used during the First World War. The combat vehicle had a diamond shape, which made it possible to overcome even the widest trenches. Due to the fact that the design was very high, the weapons were not mounted on top, but on the sides. Modern tanks are very different from their ancestors: they are equipped with a large number of weapons, guidance systems, powerful engines for high speeds, and so on. Tank troops have been and remain the main striking force during hostilities, so tanks are constantly evolving and are unlikely to disappear in the future. Below is a list of the best tanks as of 2022 - they are in service with different countries and have unique features.
- 1 American tank M1 "Abrams"
- 2 German tank Leopard 2
- 3 South Korean tank K2 "Black Panther"
- 4 Russian tank T-90
- 5 Russian tank T-14 "Armata"
American tank M1 "Abrams"
Tanks of the Abrams series are mass-producedby General Dynamics Land Systems since 1980. They are the main US battle tanks and are actively bought up by the armies of Egypt, Australia, Morocco and other Middle Eastern states. Their main features are considered to be a record weight of 62 tons and the use of a number of innovative solutions such as a computer fire control system. This tank is one of the few equipped with a system of protection against weapons of mass destruction. If the enemy uses a nuclear or chemical weapon, this system begins to supply filtered air to the masks of the crew members. So far, 10,288 M1 Abrams tanks have been produced.
This tank has a modification M1A2 "Abrams".It has been produced since 1992 and has been used in many military conflicts such as the Iraq war (2003-2011) and the war in Afghanistan (2001-2014). 4 people fit inside the tank, the gun is equipped with 42 ammunition, there is a machine gun, a panoramic sight, a thermal imager and computerized on-board equipment. The speed of the M1A2 Abrams tank reaches 66 kilometers per hour, and the firing is carried out at a frequency of 10-12 rounds per minute. The cost of the M1A2 tank is estimated at 5-6 million dollars.
Depending on the modification, the Leopard-2 tankweighs from 60 to 70 tons. The diesel engine allows you to accelerate to 68-72 kilometers per hour. Among the disadvantages of the Leopard-2, one can only note the low cross-country ability and manual reloading. According to 2015 data, 3,000 tanks of this model were produced in the world, each of which costs $6.5 million.
South Korean tank K2 "Black Panther"
Released by the South Korean company Rotem(a division of Hyundai Motors) the K2 Black Panther tank was put into service in 2014. During development, much attention was paid to the electronic component of the combat vehicle. All electronic systems of the tank were combined into a single network - this was made possible thanks to the tank information and control system (TIUS). A combat information and control system (CICS) has also appeared, which provides for the exchange of combat and reconnaissance information with other military equipment in real time.
Gun ammunition is 40 shots - tankcan produce up to 15 shots per minute. The defense system is capable of detecting enemy projectiles at a distance of up to 150 meters and destroying them with its own projectiles. The mass of the combat vehicle is 55 tons, up to 3 people can fit inside. The speed of movement can reach 50-75 kilometers per hour.
The mass of the T-90 is 47 tons, it is capable ofreach speeds up to 65 kilometers per hour. One of its features is the ability to overcome water obstacles up to 5 meters deep. According to 2012 data, 1335 T-90 tanks were produced, which are used by Russia and other states. With its characteristics, this tank costs 4 million dollars.
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Russian tank T-14 "Armata"
Tank T-14 "Armata" was first shown in 2015year, during the parade in honor of the 70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. According to many experts, at the moment it is he who is considered the best tank in the world. There is no place for a man on its turret, because a 125 mm smooth-bore gun with automatic reloading and a range of 7000 meters is installed there. The crew of the tank is in a durable capsule that can withstand even a direct hit by anti-tank shells. In the event of a malfunction, the system notifies the crew of this by voice message.
The mass of the T-14 "Armata" is estimated at 48 tons,inside fits up to 3 people. The speed of its movement can reach 90 kilometers per hour, even on rough terrain. Among the minuses of a combat vehicle, one can single out a strong dependence on electronics. The cost of the T-14 Armata tank is estimated at $3.7 million.
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It is important to note that the list was compiledbased on information from open sources, by comparing technical specifications. You can disagree with the order of tanks or give an example of more interesting combat vehicles in your opinion. Feel free to write in the comments - it will be interesting to read.