Even 50 years after the first landingman on the moon in the world is full of people convinced that no one has ever flown on Earth satellite, and all this was a very big and expensive draw of the American government, which decided to deceive the whole world. According to NASA historians, “the seed of doubt” in society began even when Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins, the crew of the famous Apollo 11, began landing on a satellite, which, we recall, took place on July 20, 1969.
Soon after, the so-called"The theory of the lunar conspiracy," which stated that everything that happened was no more than a high-quality Hollywood production, filmed on Earth. According to Roger Lanius, a former NASA historian, according to various estimates, about 6 percent of Americans still continue to believe that flights to the moon were not made, and published photos and videos were taken in pavilions on Earth.
See also: Preparing for the first manned mission to the moon. How it was
In 2002, already elderly at that time, BuzzAldrin had to deal with one of these people. The conflict ended with assault. The trick, of course unworthy of the hero. But it is not known what the other person would have done in his place, if he was called a liar and a coward in front of everyone.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the landing of a man on the moon, let us recall the 5 most popular statements by conspiracy theorists about the implausibility of the Apollo 11 mission.
Why is the American flag swaying in the wind?
Statement: The American flag in the photos looks like it is swaying in the wind. But this is impossible, because there is no air on the moon.
See also: 10 facts that you did not know about the Apollo lunar landings
Explanation: To set the flag on the satellite surface,the astronauts used a folding L-shaped rod on which the flag was attached. During the installation Armstrong and Aldrin accidentally bent it. The mechanism is a bit stuck. As a result, the astronauts failed to stretch the flag to its full length. This created the effect of "fluttering in the wind."
By the way, NASA’s video clearly shows that the flag begins to “wiggle” only when astronauts touch it, making any manipulations with it.
Why are there no stars in the photos?
Statement: On all photos allegedly taken onthe surface of the moon, no stars in the sky. NASA decided to remove the stars from photographs so that it was impossible to determine where the survey was taken - on satellite or on Earth.
Explanation: Used to shoot very shortexcerpt Stars could be seen if the exposure was longer. But in that case the objects really important for that shooting would not be visible: astronauts, elements of the lunar landscape, a descent vehicle.
The brightness and detail of the image depends on the amount of light that has fallen on the film. If it is not enough, the photo will turn out dark. If the light is too much - the photo will be overexposed. As in the examples below.
You can adjust the amount of light: lens opening width (aperture) and the time during which it remains open (shutter speed). When the foreground and background are very different in the degree of illumination - the photo is very difficult to obtain. In short, the moon is too bright to be able to simultaneously photograph objects on its surface and dimmer stars on its background.
Why didn't the landing module leave a crater?
Statement: When landing the lunar module had to leaveits engine crater on the surface, but in the photo no funnel is not visible. In addition, the moon dust that had risen during the landing of the ship was supposed to settle on the module supports, but it does not exist.
Explanation: Gravity on the Moon is six times less than onEarth Therefore, the effect of the impact of the flow of the engine will be much less. In addition, in the last moments before touching the satellite surface, the module was lowered at a speed of about 15 cm per second. The landing turned out to be so soft that the crew did not immediately understand at what point the touch occurred on the surface.
Under terrestrial conditions, when launching a rocket, dustscatters clubs in all directions. But on Earth, unlike the Moon, there are streams of air that carry this dust. When landing on the satellite, lunar dust was disturbed only where it was touched by the supports themselves or by the exhaust of jet engines.
Why do the photographs of the shadows on the moon look so strange?
Statement: If the Sun is the only source of light and onThe moon does not have an atmosphere that scatters light, why aren't all shadows completely black? Some photographs show that the sun is behind the astronauts, while the side facing the lens must be in the shade. However, all the details are visible in the shadows. The shadow was clearly highlighted by some kind of artificial light source.
ExplanationA: There really is no atmosphere on the moon. However, the lunar surface itself reflects and scatters sunlight falling on it in all directions. Part of the scattered light reaches the Earth. This diffused light partially hits the astronaut (pictured above) and illuminates it. The astronaut's spacesuit is white, and the backlight with diffused light is enough to make something visible in the shadows.
Where is the camera in the reflected photo?
Statement: Neil Armstrong and the landing module are reflected in the visor of the Aldrin spacesuit helmet (photo above). But in Armstrong’s hands, the camera is not visible. Filmed the director?
Explanation: Armstrong and Aldrin used cameras thatfastened to the chest. They did not need to hold the camera in front of their eyes, as we used to do when photographing. In addition, it simply would not be possible. Would hinder the helmet.
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