All of us should periodically consult doctors. It so happened historically that most of all we are afraid to go to surgeons and dentists. This is due to a large number of different rumors, speculation, stereotypes, misunderstanding and erroneous public opinion. The essence of fear is simple. It seems to us that it will be painful, but this is supported by all common phrases, like, "Surgeons only to be cut." In this article we will try to debunk some myths about surgery in order to stop being afraid of these people with a peculiar sense of humor. And, perhaps, and vice versa, we will strengthen some of the beliefs. Getting started?
Surgery is one of the oldest industries.medicine. It is mentioned in many manuscripts and historical documents. Only then, “doctors” were more like researchers and students. They figured out how everything is arranged there, and set the stage for modern masters who can do almost everything - from wound healing to heart transplantation.
These people have a very peculiar sense of humor,which we often can’t understand, or simply are not in a condition to visit at the time of the visit to laugh at a strange joke. Nevertheless, in the world, the profession of a surgeon is one of the highest paid. But this is due to the fact that there are not so many really cool surgeons, and they, doing miracles, really get a lot of money.
It is also worth noting that the concept of “surgeon”is very wide. Based on the definition, a surgeon is a specialist doctor who has received training in the methods of diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases and injuries. That is, surgeons can specialize in different parts of the human body. They can even be divided into specializations based on the age or gender of patients. For example, a children's surgeon.
- 1 Robot Surgeon
- 2 Trainee surgeons perform operations
- 3 Surgical error
- 4 Placebo Effect
- 5 Can I wake up during surgery?
- 6 When did anesthesia appear?
- 7 Surgeons are not happy with a pulled out pool
- 8 Music in the operating room
- 9 Shaving before surgery
- 10 Heroes of “Pulp Fiction”
- 11 Why are we afraid of doctors?
Recently, increasingly widespread popularityis gaining direction in robotic surgery. This is surgery using a robot during surgery. The use of robots made it possible to establish two unique areas in medicine. The first direction is telesurgery: the surgeon guides the robot during the operation, without directly contacting the patient. The second area is surgery with minimal intervention.
The first successful use of the robot in surgery dates back to 1985, when the PUMA-560 robot performed an operation on the patient’s brain. Not a weak start for robots.
Now the most famous robot surgeon isDa Vinci Robot. The first developments began back in the 80s of the last century. During this time, it was released in an amount of more than 3,000 pieces. A little more than 20 pieces are in Russia. The problem of the robot is that it costs $ 2 million, and in order to recoup it, the clinic needs to do 150-300 operations a year with his participation for several years. That is why operations with his participation are quite expensive.
The story about the robot surgeon can be considered the firsta myth, as many are sure that such mechanisms began to do operations not so long ago. In fact, the first successful operation is over 30 years old. Next, let's talk about other misconceptions regarding surgery.
Surgeons perform operations
There is a well-known joke that a really unpleasant moment is when you “fall asleep” on the operating table and see a student’s card drop out of his pocket.
This is no more than myth and delusion. Many people think that young professionals should practice before getting a job, and everything works the same in surgery. It is not that simple.
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To get the right to conduct operations yourself,the graduate must conduct more than one operation as an assistant. Only after that he will be given the right to independently perform surgical intervention. First, he gives the tools, then helps and only after that he operates on his own. Only in this way and nothing else. Exceptions are possible only in the event of natural disasters or military operations, when there are absolutely no hands. With planned operations, you can be sure of it.
Many believe that surgeons are often mistaken. In fact, this is not so. The fact is that the mistakes of surgeons simply, as a rule, have a great resonance. It’s like a plane crash. It seems that they take a lot of lives, but if you count how many people died in plane crashes in a year, compared to the victims of car crashes, the number will be within the limits of mathematical error.
- Dad, how do you spell the word h.rurg? Through “and” or through “e”?
- If it’s good, then through “and”, if it’s bad, then through “e”.
Returning to surgeons, we can say that moreall errors happen not during operations, but during the diagnosis or when prescribing a drug treatment method. Simply, in the case of medicines, the negative effect is not noticeable either strongly or not immediately. And also the placebo effect helps.
I think everyone at least once in their life heard thiscollocation. Translated from Latin, “placebo” literally translates as “I will please, I will like”. So, it should like by definition? Not really, but you should not underestimate it either. Write in our Telegram chat how you feel about this phenomenon. There are doctors there. It will be interesting to debate.
Recently, many believe that this is notshould work, but the famous effect continues to work. There are only two areas in which the effect is not applied. The first is heart disease, as experiments can end badly. Also, placebo is not used for joint diseases, as it is impossible to forget about them. If it hurts while driving, it hurts. The brain will not be able to abstract from this.
In other areas, experiments even reachthat a “play” is being played in front of the patient, as if he had been put on surgery. For realism, even make an incision. Then observe his condition. The result of such “operations” is often a complete recovery. In the end, we can say that our body works miracles when he believes in them.
Can I wake up during surgery?
Debunking the next myth will not be veryenjoyable. The fact is that many people greatly overestimate general anesthesia. People think that waking up from him during surgery is almost impossible. In fact this is not true.
Cases when the patient wakes up duringoperations are not uncommon. This is due to the fact that even the condition itself during the operation is not completely insensitive. Rather, it is borderline. In this state, a person does not fall into a deep sleep, but is in oblivion. Nevertheless, even if he more or less regains consciousness, this does not mean that he will be able to get up and go. Even after the operation is completed, the person departs from anesthesia for several hours, being in a very strange condition.
Cases when the patient comes to his senses areerrors of the anesthesiologist, but they are very easily corrected. Until a person begins to recover completely, the dose of the drug increases, and literally after a few tens of seconds the patient switches off again.
When did anesthesia appear?
It’s impossible to give a clear answer to this question,since from ancient times various herbs and mixtures have been used so that a person does not feel pain. Many people think that people have always used painkillers, but they are mistaken.
The fact is that in the old days there were countries whereanesthesia was not just not welcomed, but was completely prohibited. During the operation, the patient could either get drunk unconscious, or just keep him from twitching or interfering with the surgeon.
In the first case, the pain was dulled, butalcohol liquefied the blood and caused great losses. In the second - it was a terrible sight. So even limbs were amputated. Later, operations became more humane, anesthesia was allowed, and intervention methods became more sparing.
Surgeons are not happy with a pulled out pool
Sometimes, in the movies they show how the surgeon is tensepoking around in a wound, afraid to make an extra movement, after which it extracts a bullet and exhales relaxedly. Sometimes they even show how happy they are after that. It looks like the job is done and you can relax.
In real life, this is an important point, buthe is still only at the very beginning of the operation. After this, it is necessary to treat the wound, check the damage to the organs, sew up everything and carry out restoration procedures. Surgeons are not happy that the knife did not remain in the wound ... Here the same thing. Removing a bullet is only the beginning, the most important thing is to stop the loss of blood and eliminate the effects of the wound.
Also a myth is a bullet falling into a bowl with a characteristic ringing. Often, plastic waste trays are now used. Therefore, such a sound simply can not be. But it looks spectacular.
Music in the operating room
In some films, for example, in the first part“Doctor Strange,” shows how music sounds during surgery. Many people think that this is a myth, but it is true. Music allows you to tune in to work, and different compositions often sound in operating rooms. But their choice often makes staff argue among themselves. There is nothing to be done, everyone has different tastes.
This film also shows how the hero leadseasy conversation during complex operations. Although this cannot be done, surgeons sometimes violate this rule. This is especially true for simple duty operations. During complex operations, the surgeon himself will not want to talk, as he will be very busy and focused. As a result, music is not a myth, but talk is a myth.
Shave before surgery
Almost everyone knows that before the operation, the plotsbodies covered with hair shave. That's just the majority is convinced that this is done by a machine tool or a dangerous razor. In fact, for this there is a special machine that shaves a skin area and allows you to perform an operation on it.
It is the machine instead of the machine that is used forthe reason that it does not remain on the skin of microdamage. No matter how strange this may sound against the background of the fact that a person is about to be opened with a scalpel, microdamage to the skin greatly increases the risk of infection in the body. That is why this method of shaving is avoided. Plus, as a bonus, the machine is simply more convenient.
Heroes of “Pulp Fiction”
One of the most famous moments of the cultQuentin Tarantino's movie Pulp Fiction is one in which Vincent (John Travolta) injects Mia's adrenaline (Uma Thurman) after an overdose. In the story, he comes to a friend who knows what to do and, having outlined a goal, gives Vincent a syringe. After that, he swings and forcefully hits the target with a syringe.
Many people think that this is fiction,however, the filmmakers showed very realistically how an adrenaline rush is made in the heart. The only flaw was that the heroes spent a lot of time talking. It was better at this moment to do an indirect heart massage.
Otherwise, everything happens that way. To inject in the heart, it is necessary to break through a lot of tissues, but this is not so simple.
Why are we afraid of doctors?
As you can see, many myths about doctors are exaggerated. We are afraid of them from not knowing how they work. We think that it will be more painful than it actually turns out to be. With their professional jokes, surgeons only escalate the situation, but often these doctors have nothing to worry about, and our fears are greatly exaggerated. Do not succumb to provocations. Just know that a visit to the doctor is not as scary as it seems.