Flying into space, no doubt, is very important.for the development of our civilization with you. At the same time, the most modern technologies are used to organize almost all space missions without exception. However, few people thought that many of the things that we use today "came to us from space." And things that were originally created to fly on Earth's orbit or on the moon have become something trivial. Today we will tell you about the most interesting of them.
Portable vacuum cleaner
The US company Black & Decker released the first inHistory of the battery-powered drill in 1961, and by the beginning of the Apollo program, NASA had to develop a device for the convenient extraction of lunar soil samples. The experience of working on the drill allowed the company to create on its basis a small vacuum cleaner that would be comfortable to handle even with one hand. Now similar gadgets can be found in almost every store.
"Lightning" and "Velcro"
Without these elements, modern clothing seems to beimpossible to imagine. However, the first "lightning" was patented in 1914. But she did not receive distribution. However, in conditions of weightlessness, astronauts need to be able to easily and conveniently unbutton and fasten elements of clothing. “Velcro” fit perfectly for this task.
Watches have become more accurate
Knowing the exact time is critical when youyou are in space or landing on the moon. At the very beginning of the space race, NASA engineers significantly improved the mechanisms for operating the clocks installed in the Mission Control Center. If the accuracy of the course of ordinary quartz watches is 1 minute per year (that is, in a year the clock will begin to lag on average by 1 minute), then the new technology has reduced this figure several times. After that, the technology reached consumers.
Water treatment systems
Water purification technology aboard spaceAt the beginning of its journey, the apparatus was so advanced that it could without problems purify water from bacteria and even viruses. It was the first purification system based on silver ions. Today, this technique is widely used in the production of drinking water, as well as for cleaning of fountains and pools.
This is interesting: American scientists may have solved the problem of oxygen production in space
Strictly speaking, sneakers and other sportsshoes were not invented for space missions. However, the technology for the production of shoes for astronauts a little later migrated into the consumer sector, making ordinary shoes more flexible, resistant to damage and with a good depreciation system when walking.
During a workout in 1967, a fire destroyedthe Apollo 1 spacecraft, causing the death of three astronauts, which jeopardized the entire Apollo program. It was then that the US Aerospace Agency began thinking about the development of refractory materials. Today, they can be found literally everywhere: from fire suits to house linings.
Instruments for people with abnormal heart rhythmwere born thanks to the progress made by NASA in miniaturization of chips. If earlier a person with various rhythm disturbances had to be constantly monitored by a doctor, and to restore the rhythm it was necessary to use huge instruments, then with the development of microcircuits it became possible to create more compact devices.
We have a "dry" food
If we are hungry, we can go to the storecosmonauts have no such privilege. Therefore, during long flights into space, they need to have a supply of food for several weeks or even months. To this end, the lyophilization process was developed - “soft drying”, when water is extracted from frozen fresh food at a low temperature. To prepare it just need to dissolve with hot water. Sounds familiar, doesn't it?
Thin and warm blanket
If you pay attention to the picture, then yousee the so-called "space blanket." It is a bit like a big piece of foil. Initially, the insulating material of such blankets was used to protect the space modules and their elements from overheating and solar radiation. Today, “space blankets” are made of plastic film and aluminum and they are used in rescue operations to protect against supercooling.
Today, solar cells are verypromising area and are installed almost everywhere: from calculators to rooftops and electric vehicles. In this case, the first solar batteries appeared more than 50 years ago, when the need arose to find very capacious batteries for the power supply of space stations.
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