General, Research, Technology

For 10,000 years, humans and mammoths have lived in the United States. What can their footprints tell?

Thousands of years ago in the present territories of Russia,The USA and other countries were inhabited by primitive people and animals, many of which have already become completely extinct. Despite the fact that scientists have not yet managed to invent a time machine, you and I know what events could have happened in those distant times. We know for sure that 10,000 years ago the Earth's climate was very harsh. People and animals had to survive in the cold ice age. Thanks to archaeological finds, we know that people tried to find warm shelters and hunted mammoths. But these are just general ideas about the life of people during the ice age. Recently, ancient traces of a woman and a child were found in the United States, during the study of which scientists were able to tell a private story involving only a few people. If you expand this plot, you can get the script for an entire historical film.

Ice Age woman and child as seen by the artist

Traces of ancient people

An unusual find by archaeologists was told inedition of the New Atlas. On the territory of the American state of New Mexico, there is White Sands National Park. This area is famous for the fact that a huge number of traces of ancient people and animals have been preserved there. Scientists are sure that about 10,000 years ago, many mammoths, giant sloths and saber-toothed tigers lived in these places. At that time, people already existed and their ancient traces in the American state also exist. Scientists cannot say for sure why these tracks are so well preserved. Most likely, the cold conditions of the Ice Age contributed to their preservation in some way.

There were huge sloths during the ice age

On the territory of the national park regularlywork is underway because scientists are always hoping to find something interesting in these lands. Recently, thanks to hard work, they managed to find the ancient footprints of two people. According to scientists, it was a woman and a child. Sometimes she carried the child in her arms, but from time to time they stopped and the child got to his feet. They were clearly in a hurry, and to one specific place. The length of their path was about 1.5 kilometers. Previously, scientists could not find such a long chain of human steps, so the find is considered one of a kind. When they reached their destination, the woman turned back, but without the child in her arms.

Traces discovered by scientists

See also: What is the Ice Age and when will it start?

The life of ancient people

The above assumptions were put forward induring the study of the tracks. Based on the rather large distance between the steps, the scientists calculated that the woman was moving at a speed of about 1.7 meters per second. This is much faster than normal walking, when a person overcomes about 1.2 meters per second. The tracks follow a relatively straight line, so no one doubts that the woman went to a strictly defined place.

Once upon a time, people lived side by side with mammoths

The woman held the child in her arms, and for thisindicate two facts. Firstly, her feet did not touch the ground over the entire area. This means that due to the additional load, it could not advance smoothly. Secondly, the footprints of the child appear on the ground only periodically. This means that the woman was tired and sometimes put the child on the ground. Judging by the size of the tracks, the child was about two years old.

The blue color shows which areas of the foot put the most pressure on the ground

When they got there, the woman turned around andwent in the opposite direction. Her steps became smoother, and there were no footprints of the baby on the other road. Nobody knows what happened to him. Man is designed in such a way that he often makes up stories with a bad ending. Therefore, some scientists have suggested that the child was eaten by a predator or something else happened. But this assumption can be easily refuted by the fact that after the “loss” of the child, the woman went back with a calm step. Most likely, she simply referred the child to his mother. In those days, people were already quite developed and they often came to each other's aid.

Read also: Neanderthals survived the Ice Age through care

But the world was still very dangerous thousands of years ago. In the course of further work, scientists discovered that the footprints of a woman intersect with the tracks of animals. A mammoth clearly passed in front of her tracks, but he hardly noticed them. But the giant sloth running across the human tracks clearly smelled a human smell, stopped and subsequently disappeared in an unknown direction. It is unlikely that a woman encountered these predators.

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If you want to know more about the glacialperiod, be sure to read this material from the author of Hi-News.ru Ilya Khel. It was written long ago, but it contains comprehensive answers to many questions. And about the people of the ice age there, too.