Cats are considered one of the most popularpets. According to statistics, at the moment there are about 600 million domestic cats in the world. And they are all different, because by crossing people have managed to create more than 200 breeds. They differ in body size, coat length and many other parameters. But most of them have one thing in common - they don't like swimming in water... When trying to bathe them in the bathroom, theybecome very aggressive creatures and begin to scream loudly and scratch heavily. Scientists have long known why cats dislike water so much, and there are several reasons for this... They also know breeds that are not at all afraid of water and enjoy swimming in it. So what is the reason for these different preferences?
- 1 Why don't cats like to swim?
- 1.1 Risk of developing disease
- 1.2 Risk of hypothermia
- 1.3 Bad water smell
- 2 What cats are not afraid of water?
Why don't cats like to swim?
Cats were domesticated by man about 9.5 thousandyears ago. At first they were prized for their ability to catch rodents, but today they are simply kept as pets. Despite the fact that they are already very used to us, there is still something wild about them. Scientists believe that cats always try to be prepared for dangerous situations and keep themselves in shape. Basically, this explains their unwillingness to swim in the water - being wet, they cannot run and defend themselves quickly. But their undercoat absorbs water like a sponge, which is why the coat cannot dry completely for a very long time.
The fact that cats always try to be in shape,said animal behavior expert Kelley Bollen. An article about this was published in the scientific journal LiveScience. But there are other reasons why cats don't like to bathe in water.
Cats have very large ears in relation to their bodies. And the larger they are, the more likely to get water... Since the ear canals of cats are very deep,with difficulty it is possible to get rid of moisture that has got inside. The remaining water can cause the development of infectious diseases. And they, in the absence of timely treatment, can spread to the brain. Cats seem to feel it and try to minimize body contact with water.
The risk of hypothermia
As I said above, the undercoat of cats absorbs moisture like a sponge... If a cat's fur gets wet, it cannot bedry completely. Imagine walking around in a wet T-shirt all day. In cats, the same thing - wet hair causes them discomfort and greatly cools the body. Ultimately, there is a risk of hypothermia, which can cause various diseases. And cats again seem to feel this and try to maintain their health.
Bad smell of water
Cats have an excellent sense of smell. According to scientists, cats smell 14 times better than humans... And all because in the nose of cats is about70 million olfactory cells, while humans have only about 7 million. Water entering our homes is purified from dirt by a large number of chemicals. Perhaps cats do not like the smells of some of them and they try in every way to make sure that they do not get on their bodies. This is not the main reason cats hate water, but it definitely should not be ruled out.
See also: Why do cats run at night?
What cats are not afraid of water?
It is important to note that some breeds of cats are not afraid of water and swim with great pleasure. Some of the water lovers are maine coons... This is the largest breed of domestic cats. The body length of representatives of this breed reaches 120 centimeters, and the weight can be equal to 8.2 kilograms. Once upon a time, these cats were used on ships to catch mice. This explains the lack of fear of water.
Households are also considered water lovers. bengal cats... They were divorced in the 1960s, duringcrossing of a wild Bengal cat with a black domestic cat. Their character combines the features of a wild animal and a domestic animal. Most likely, the lack of fear of water was passed on to them from their wild ancestor. There are many videos of Bengal cats bathing on YouTube.
A cat breed Turkish van are generally known as "floating". They are considered one of the very first domestic cats. Like Maine Coons, they have a very large body size. They also have very developed muscles. But their main feature is that they have an almost waterproof coat, which allows them to safely swim in the water.
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There are many articles about cats on our site. For example, I recently talked about how people can learn to talk to them. To learn the secrets of communicating with cats, read this material.