Chinese science and technology has achieved anothersuccess. The deep-sea apparatus Fendouzhe, created in the Celestial Empire, penetrated the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest recorded place in the World Ocean. Three Chinese submariners, using innovative acoustic communication, conducted an online live report that was broadcast on all state television channels in China.
Deep Sea Trench Mariana Trenchlocated in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, has a crescent shape, elongated from north to south. The length of the depression is more than 2550 km with a width of up to 69 km. According to the results of a few expeditions to the bottom and measurements from the surface, the deepest place of the depression was revealed - the Challenger Abyss, the depth of which ranges from 10,000 to 10,994 meters.
The first to visit the bottom of the Mariana Trench in 1960US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh and explorer Jacques Picard in the Trieste Bathyscaphe. This year, several expeditions have already descended to record depths, bringing the number of people who have visited the bottom of the Mariana Trench to thirteen people.
Another conquest of depth, where the water pressureis about 8 tons per square inch, which is more than a thousand times higher than atmospheric pressure, was carried out by the Chinese Fendouzhe in order to study the flora and fauna of the ocean, test acoustic modems and unique built-in navigation equipment.
Fendouzhe apparatus, led by threeChinese oceanauts made thirteen deep-sea dives during the expedition, eight of which exceeded a depth of 10 thousand meters. The researchers not only filmed and broadcast video to the ocean surface, but also observed the underwater landscape directly through a special viewing window. During the expedition, three seawater samples were taken, necessary for the study of microorganisms previously identified on the ocean floor.