General, Research, Technology

How does the choice of vehicles for transportation affect mortality?

We are often told that it’s better once againwalk along the road to work or to study than to travel by personal or public transport. Does it really help to become healthier? For those who do not have enough time to play sports, walking in the morning or in the evening, as well as exercising or cycling can really help make the body stronger. And once again, you should refuse to travel by car or bus in favor of an alternative type of transportation, as it turned out that there is a direct connection between the preferred transport and human mortality.

Sometimes it’s worth giving up the car

To prove this, scientists conducted a studyon an impressive sample of nearly 400 thousand inhabitants of Great Britain. According to its results, the bicycle turned out to be the “healthiest” means of transportation: in comparison with motor vehicle lovers, cyclists had a mortality rate lower by as much as 20%, they also die much less often from heart disease and cancer - 24% and 16% respectively.

What is better to get around?

Research by scientists from Cambridge Universityis one of the largest in the last few years. They took information on hundreds of thousands of Britons from the 1991 census and compared it with updated information in 2001 and 2011. They were interested in how the mode of transportation (car, public transport, bicycle or walking) affects mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer. At the same time, the social and economic status of specific people, the presence of chronic diseases, and education were taken as side variables.

During the observation period, nearly 14,000 people died,of which 6,500 died from cancer and 3,200 from cardiovascular diseases. As a result, it was the cyclists who were the most healthy, in comparison with motorists, they were diagnosed with these diseases much less often and the number of lovers of two-wheeled vehicles also died less (motorcyclists are not included in these statistics). Those who used public transport and walked had lower morbidity, an average of 13%. To get to a bus stop and get to work, as a rule, you also need to move.

It’s not just that in Amsterdam, most people ride bicycles

Thus, scientists concluded that moreactive types of movement have a serious effect on the human body compared to personal transport. And they still did not take into account the high risk of death from traffic accidents that often happen to motorists. They also noted that those who ride a bicycle to work lose weight as well as workouts. So we change to bicycles who have such an opportunity, given that it is better to avoid public places during a pandemic. And if this is not possible, you can go out on a daily ten-minute walk at lunchtime and read our Telegram chat, not sit all 8 hours during the working day or park further from your home or supermarket to walk.

Curious that the connection between everydayphysical activity and health was identified in the 1950s in a study of London transporters. They noticed that bus drivers were more likely to have a heart attack than their guide colleagues. The main difference between the two groups was that the guides spent their day working on their feet, collecting tolls from passengers, and bus drivers sitting. Therefore, physical activity is considered to be a “miracle cure” for cardiovascular diseases. True, despite all the recommendations, modern society leads a more sedentary lifestyle than ever in history. And mortality from cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death worldwide.

Previously my colleague Lyubov Sokovikova wrote that even after two weeks without physicalactivity in people there is a decrease in arterial function. Among other things, the results revealed an increased risk of developing diabetes, weight gain, and insulin sensitivity.

The problem is that the last few monthsmany were in quarantine and self-isolation, which led not only to a strong weight gain, but also can lead to a deterioration of physical condition in the future. Do not immediately try to run the marathon, as soon as everyone is allowed to go out, as the muscles (including the heart) could atrophy during the period of low mobility.