General, Research, Technology

How did the Neanderthals fight?

According to scientists, not all types of ancientpeople are our ancestors. About 600,000 years ago, humanity split in two. One group of people stayed in Africa, while the second went to Asia and then to Europe. Ultimately, African people turned into modern homo sapiens, and the representatives of the second group - into Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis). That is, Neanderthals are not our ancestors, but representatives of a related race that developed in parallel with us. We imagine them as people who lived in caves and hunted animals. But archaeological finds prove that they also waged wars with other types of ancient people. But why did they fight and how did they fight? Scientists already know the answers to these questions.

Neanderthals were as warlike as modern humans

War history

Lions, wolves and many other predators areterritorial animals. They hunt in one specific zone and try to keep outsiders away from it. The same behavior can be seen in the closest human relatives, chimpanzee monkeys. The males of these monkeys gather in groups in order to attack males from other groups in case of conflicts. Perhaps millions of years ago, this behavior was passed on to intelligent people with Neanderthals. As we are fighting wars today, so the Neanderthals tried to conquer foreign territories and defend their own.

The life of Neanderthals through the eyes of an artist

It turns out that war is not moderninvention. As scary as it sounds, war is an integral part of human existence. Even the oldest literary works are filled with stories of wars. And archaeologists have found protective structures over 1000 years old. And this is not even taking into account the numerous places with heaps of human remains, which indicate that wars and murders were commonplace even before the advent of our era.

Genetically Neanderthals are 99.7% similar to us

Scientists believe that by their behaviorNeanderthals were very similar to modern humans. They knew how to make a fire, buried the dead in graves, made jewelry, and so on. And this is not surprising, because even genetically Neanderthals are 99.7% very similar to us... If we really have so much in common with the Neanderthals, then they, like us, also had a belligerence.

See also: How did Neanderthals treat the skin, making it soft and waterproof?

Neanderthal weapons

Since Neanderthals were good hunters,they had no problems with making weapons. The most effective tool for attack and defense was clearly the batons. On the remains of the bodies of many ancient people, you can see injuries to the skull, resulting from a blow with a blunt object. Also on some of the remains, fractures of the forearm are noticeable, which occurred when trying to repel blows. Once in the Iraqi cave of Shanidar, the remains of a Neanderthal man were discovered, who was pierced by someone in the chest with a spear. Scientists also noticed that the injuries were mainly received by young Neanderthals.

The only thing Neanderthals had from throwing weapons was spears

According to archaeological finds, Neanderthalsinhabited the territory of the Middle East for several millennia. During this time, they could thoroughly study all its regions, as well as find out where there are more animals and food. This could give them an advantage at the moments when representatives of the genus homo sapiens, expanding their habitat, invaded their territory. Perhaps for some time the Neanderthals could fight back modern people, but their weapons were less perfect. While they used the hit-and-run tactic, modern people could shoot them with bows and other throwing weapons. It is believed that it was because of such wars that the Neanderthals disappeared from the face of our planet.

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However, some scholars believe that inthe war is not to blame for the disappearance of the Neanderthals. Studies have shown that many of them suffered from chronic eustachitis. This is the name of a disease that occurs during inflammatory processes in the nasal cavity due to sinusitis, rhinitis or tonsillitis. Since in those days medicine was practically not developed, Neanderthals could not treat this disease. There is an assumption that this is why they became extinct. You can read more about this theory in this article.