At the moment, scientists are aware of the existence of526 species of sharks, most of which are ruthless killers. Reports of shark attacks on humans and horror films like Steven Spielberg's Jaws really created a very scary idea of sharks. It seems to many of us that there is nobody in the sea more dangerous than these creatures, and they themselves have no one to fear at all. For some, this will be big news, but, in fact, sharks are rather cowardly creatures and they have a lot of enemies. In 2019, photographer Deron Verbeck plunged into the waters of the Hawaiian coast and saw a shark that was clearly involved in a battle with a very large creature. This news is a great occasion to list all the natural enemies of sharks, some of which can tear these predators to pieces.
- 1 Shark Enemies
- 1.1 Sharks and killer whales
- 1.2 Sharks and dolphins
- 1.3 The most dangerous shark
- 2 Shark and Sea Monster
First, let's see what sharks do have.enemies - about a wounded shark that participated in the battle with some kind of sea monster, I will tell closer to the end. So, sharks have at least three main enemies:
- killer whales whose body length reaches 10 meters;
- dolphins representing a great threat to sharks due to their cohesion and developed intelligence;
- other sharks who absolutely do not mind eating their relatives.
Sharks and killer whales
Orcas are considered one of the main enemies of sharks,which belong to the order of toothed whales (Odontoceti). By themselves, they rarely attack sharks, but if predators decide to attack a sick individual or calf, a group of killer whales can begin to deliver heavy blows to them with huge tails. After severe injuries, toothed whales kill sharks with deadly bites.
Sometimes sharks are so self-confident that they dareto attack a lonely killer whale - really, why be afraid of a one-on-one battle? But, almost always, sharks make a deadly mistake. Killer whales are so smart that they do not waste their energy in vain and strike only at the most vulnerable places of sharks, namely in the gill slits and sides. Having suffered serious damage, overly bold sharks are defeated.
Attention: do not confuse toABOUTSatok and KANDsatok. The killer whale is a marine mammal, and the killer whale is a village swallow!
Sharks and dolphins
In big trouble sharks also fall intomoments when they decide to attack a flock of dolphins. Usually they do not do this and stay away from intelligent mammals but, in the event of an attack, sharks also get severe injuries of the gill slits and die. And all because dolphins have a very developed ingenuity and in groups act exclusively together. And team work, in most cases, always leads to victory.
See also: New shark species discovered in Australia
There are many cases where dolphin flocksprotected not only themselves, but also people from shark attacks. One such case occurred on August 28, 2007 on the shores of the US state of California. Then 24-year-old Todd Endris (Todd Endris) went with friends to surf and was attacked by a dangerous white shark. The predator bit the guy three times and peeled the skin from the back and legs. The athlete was saved by a suddenly appearing group of dolphins, which surrounded the poor man and brought him to the shore. And the dangerous shark, apparently, was frightened by a group of rescuers and sailed away.
But for people, the Brazilian luminous sharks are notpose a special danger. And all because they are very difficult to come across - they live only in the open ocean and rarely swim to the coast. Several cases of attacks were recorded, but in general, people should not worry about them.
See also: 10 most dangerous sharks that kill people
Shark and Sea Monster
And now, let's go back to the shark, whichcaptured on camera by photographer Deron Verbek. On the Hawaiian coast, he managed to photograph a long-winged shark (Carcharhinus longimanus), on the back of which there were scars of an unusual shape. According to National Geographic, they did not look like teeth marks, so the man decided to seek help from scientists from the US state of Florida.
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Researchers immediately announced that the scars wereleft by the tentacles of a huge squid. Apparently, the long-winged shark was looking for food and sank to a depth of more than 300 meters, where it met with Architeuthis (squid, the length of which can reach 8 meters. According to researchers, the shark was attacked by an individual of 2 meters in length, which caused damage with the help of serrated rings located inside the suction cups on long tentacles.
As you can see, sharks have a huge number of enemies, fromwhom they try to stay away. But at the same time they are considered very hardy creatures that are able to withstand a lot. For example, in 2019, I wrote that these water predators practically do not receive any damage from the content of heavy metals in the blood. Thanks to them, scientists can find out how pure the water is in certain regions of our planet.