A bit of history
The history of Google Chromebook began back in 2010 with the announcement of the Google CR-48 model.
ChromeOS Flex is the lighter optionoperating system for legacy devices, the main difference is the lack of Google Play and its applications. Residents outside the Russian Federation can try ChromeOS Flex here.
At first it was so, in the Russian market chromebookswere cheaper than their full-fledged competitors on Windows, MacOS and Dos, but then something happened. The Russian buyer turned away en masse from the new type of Google devices, apparently deciding that a full-fledged laptop that does not require constant connection to the Internet is a more reliable and time-tested option.
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The next milestone in Chromebook development is yet to comelends itself to logic. Who would have thought that a typewriter, which is Chromebook, can be "premium". How else to explain a phenomenon similar to hanging precious braids on garden tools? If the appearance of a Google Chromebook with touch screens and styluses can somehow be explained by necessity, perhaps a love of drawing or a desire to perfectly hit small interface elements, then installing a 12th generation Intel Core I7 paired with a 512 GB NVMe drive cannot be explained by logic. .
Chromebook series HP Elite Dragonfly, sold in Russia for 259,000 rubles
The officialadvertising HP Elite Dragonfly. It is very difficult to imagine a clerk or a small manager (judging by the environment in the video sequence) who, among the common workspace and not having his own office, would use a laptop that is comparable in price to a powerful computer station, but does not have the appropriate software on board.
Another direction of infrastructure developmentGoogle Chromebooks as devices with an inevitable and only possible hard focus on work have become the educational and corporate sectors. The logic is iron: a student, official or chancellor (from the word "office") does not need games, enough input-output devices and uninterrupted access to the institution's network. In Google ChromeOS, the mechanisms for allowing and restricting employees (students) are implemented in a similar way to the same group policies in Windows and MacOS. In this category, laptops with Google OS rarely exceed the price of $200. But even this seems a little expensive for a new device, given the fact that inside there are usually ancient Intel Celeron series platforms or antique AMD A4 series with occasionally replacing them with ARM processors, such as Mediatek MT8183 (4 Cortex-A73 cores and 4 A53 cores). A certain standard in school/student Chromebooks in recent years has become 4 GB of RAM and 32 GB of storage. ChromeOS runs as fast as it did in its youthful days, and there's plenty of those hardware components. But the situation is very strange when such an ordinary product on the store shelf is called the "newest". Take for example the “HP Newest flagship Chromebook” (as it is called in official Western stores) for 128-135 US dollars, which has an HP Chromebook 11a nb0013dx manufacturer index and is intended for students and other victims of institutions where there are a lot of people.
HP Chromebook 11a nb0013dx
- Screen: 11.6 inches, 1366x768 pixels, LCD
- Ram: 4 GB LPDDR2
- storage: 32 GB
- CPU: Intel Celeron N3350 1.1GHz (Dual Core) 14nm Announce 2016, $20/pcs if ordered from manufacturer
- Graphics: Intel HD 500
- Year of sale: 2020
Chromebook for Western schoolchildren and studentscannot be called “the latest”, in the head such an adjective causes painful dissonance. Maybe marketers got it all mixed up and should be called “last”?
But these are ready-made solutions that are very easy to integrate into the work of any institution, they are in demand.
Chromebook Mass Deployment Issues
Since 2022, all Google products in Russia have been "gray" or "parallel", which does not interfere with studying the experience of other countries.
Key Benefits of the Chromebook Ecosystemare the almost complete absence of virus threats and updating ChromeOS while connected to the network, immediately and for everyone. However, arranging for updates to depend on the push of a button by a single Google employee can sometimes be fraught with consequences. In 2021, during the ChromeOS update to version 91.0.4472.147, a bug was discovered due to which some users were unable to log into their account. The reason was a banal typo, instead of two ampersands “&&”, the Google programmer wrote one, which caused the community to suffer. This is a very vulnerable point of the entire system, allowing, if necessary, to remotely turn off all the Chromebooks on the planet.
Another problem is related to accelerated aging.school laptops. At the beginning of 2020, most countries in the world switched to remote learning due to a virus called COVID-19. Most Western educational institutions and commercial organizations have literally swept away all available laptop-type devices from the shelves. Of course, the priority was the price and the degree of control of the student by the school, and as a result, Chromebooks gained popularity, which they have not had before or since. Three years later, the Educational Foundation Public Interest Research Group (PIRG) stated in its report on Chromebook questions that many Chromebooks purchased in the first wave of COVID-19 are now out of service. The conclusion of PIRG is paradoxical - Chromebooks are not designed to last. From myself I will say that the same applies to any other modern laptops, they are all “not designed”. That time and those use cases that are not critical for a home laptop turned out to be fatal for school, student and corporate laptops. What Google and laptop makers are saying in Chromebook ads is a complete lie, they are not designed to run 7/24. What's more, Chromebook manufacturers weren't ready to supply warranty (and out-of-warranty) parts, broken Chromebooks lay dead weight in school warehouses, and screens, hinges, and keyboards were in short supply. PIRG researchers found that nearly half of Acer Chromebook keyboards are out of stock, and more than a third of those available cost as much as half a laptop, $89.99 or more. An important point is the manufacturer's prices, and not contract services and other "gaskets".
Such issues are addressed in two ways.The first answer is to buy new Chromebooks with taxpayer money, and the second (and more logical) is to extend the life of the Chromebook. Doubling the lifetime of an educational Chromebook is estimated by PIRG to save at least $1.8 billion a year in the US alone.
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Another gripe about the Chromebook from the outsideeducational institutions is associated with the limited timing of updates. With each new update of ChromeOS (like Chrome), something new is added to the system, new useful features, for the implementation of which there are no barriers in older devices. However, Google is "dynamite" for its customers by refusing to send updates to Chromebooks that are over 8 years old. In the Chromebook ecosystem, Google has taken it upon itself to update not only ChromeOS, but also drivers (and software) from component manufacturers. There is no reason for producers to update the code, say, for hardware acceleration of animation or support for a new audio/video codec. Google abbreviates auto-update expiration as AUE (Auto Update Expiration), and its consequences can be very sad. From the appearance of increased vulnerability to viruses to the incorrect operation of policies, which is critical for educational institutions. Here is how the PIRG association put it:
"When the software expires(AUE) expires after just a few years of device use, schools are left with boxes of computers with working components that end up as e-waste and needing to buy even more Chromebooks.”
The few years indicated above are taken from the harshpractice of relations between the state and its organizations. In fact, the AUE counter starts ticking the moment a new Chromebook is certified, not the moment it is turned on in class. After the period of public procurement, delivery and configuration of the product in the classroom / audience can take up to 4-5 years. Accordingly, the period for receiving critical updates is reduced to the same numbers. The Chromebook will continue to work, but only at the user's own risk. This is normal for an individual, but completely unacceptable for an educational institution or a company with an annual turnover with a lot of zeros. This, in addition, makes it difficult to resell the organization's property after its useful life, and as a result, all Chromebooks end up in a landfill, exuding an iridescent miasma of unfulfilled hopes.
In the PIRG, after the deadlines for the AUE, they proposedGoogle makes it easy to unregister a Chromebook from remote control and install Linux to replace ChromeOS. It sounded so unexpected and bold that Google spokesman Peter Du answered the association and a number of media outlets. In particular, his statement was published in The Verge:
“We have worked hard with our partners inhardware to increase the number of years of warranty support Chromebooks receive, and as of 2020 we now provide eight years of automatic updates, up from five years in 2016. We also always work with our device manufacturing partners. We are increasingly manufacturing devices in various segments using recycled and certified materials that are easier to repair, and over time we will use manufacturing processes that reduce emissions. Regular Chromebook software updates add new features and improve device security every four weeks, allowing us to continually improve the software experience while keeping older devices safe and reliable until their hardware limitations make it extremely difficult to roll out updates.”
From the very beginning of its inception, GoogleThe Chromebook drew funds for its development and infrastructure support, relying on massive sales in entire industries. Whether it was the corporate sector or education, they were the ones who kept the browser pretending to be an operating system afloat. Whereas the purchases of individuals seem to be so insignificant that it is not worth remembering about them. However, with the austerity regime that the world is currently in, the old business patterns, with long procurement times and even longer delivery and deployment times for Chromebook systems, are starting to fray at the seams. Educators yell at Google, Google yells at educators, and you and I are left to watch all this from the sidelines. One thing is for sure: the Google Chromebook project has taken a wrong turn, while simultaneously offering Internet surfing devices (Chromebook) for 259,000 rubles and calling the 2020 netbook “the latest”. How long will the Google Chromebook last? It seems to me that not for long. And you?