Unprecedented detail of the Karina Nebulalocated in the constellation Carina was obtained by an international group of astronomers working in the framework of the NOIRLab NSF program (National Science Foundation National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory).
Achieve a unique imageastronomers were able to use adaptive optics, which can sharpen tenfold. The study of nebulae is a priority for scientists, as new stars are born in such places. It is in the zones of nebulae that stars merge, heat up, and begin to emit light.
Carina constellation located in the southern celestialhemisphere, 500 times larger in size than the more famous constellation Orion. The sheer size allows scientists to study in more detail the processes of formation and development of stars.
To obtain highly detailed data wasapplied 8.1-meter telescope Gemini South, in Chile. Observation is made difficult by the huge amount of dust in the nebula. Adaptive optics makes it possible not only to eliminate the influence of the Earth's atmosphere on the observation results, but also to "see" through the dust clouds of the nebula huge masses of dust and gas illuminated by ultraviolet light from young, newly formed stars.
In a highly detailed imageof the Karina Nebula's boundary layer, scientists have identified unusual details not previously seen from Earth. The image will help astronomers study the influence of young stars on the surrounding celestial bodies, on the formation of planets and stars.