That's how you live, you decide important issues, and at homeyou look at the cat and think how lucky he is in life - he does nothing, and they love him for that too. Enviously! But do not flatter yourself, cats have no strange diseases. But there are several animals whose diseases: a) strange, b) entertaining to study. And although the human body does not completely coincide with any of the animals presented, the mechanism of the appearance and “self-treatment” of our smaller brothers can help in finding medicines for many diseases.
- 1 Leprosy in armadillos
- 2 persistent headache
- 3 Bee Autism
- 4 Feature of Puffer Fish
- 5 Gluttony of snakes
Leprosy - obsolete name of the disease, today morethe term "leprosy" or Hansen's disease, hansenosis, hanseniasis is relevant. This infectious disease that affects the skin and the peripheral nervous system of man has been known to mankind since ancient times.
It used to be that only people were affected by leprosy, but recently the situation has changed somewhat. At the moment, scientists know that armadillos and British squirrels still suffer from leprosy. Leprosy in armadillos provides the necessary soil forresearches of scientists, so on the example of armadillos you can study how leprosy spreads throughout the body and what generally happens in an infected body. Leprosy bacteria or leprosy do not like warmth, which is why they feel extremely comfortable with armadillos in the bosom. There is a version that the armadillos were infected by Europeans, because it was precisely the strain of the pathogen that the followers brought in Columbus.
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Headache record holder - Pond slider. Surprisingly, the data on our brainstudied including thanks to aquatic turtles. For many years they remain a popular target for electroencephalogram (EEG). Due to the fact that the turtle does not have feathers, wool and other interfering elements on its head, the electrodes are attached very conveniently and do not fall off. Thanks to turtles, sleep and its disturbances, epileptic seizures and just headaches are studied.
And, no, this is not the name of another cheap American comedy. After Leo Kanner with Hans Asperger discovered autism, this issue has become rapidlyto be studied. If you believe the new data on honey bees, there are separate individuals in the hives that can be extremely closed and uncommunicative. Interestingly, the data autistic bees practically does not participate in the life of the hive, notcontacts with strangers and does not feed the queen - they seem to be abstracted from the hive. In the process of studying these individuals, it was revealed that they have genes similar to human ones, and this, in fact, is strange, because the brain of insects is completely different from the human brain. This aspect helps to study autism from an unusual angle and, for example, to find a cheap remedy for autism.
If we talk about statistics, it is surprising that, given the general stereotypical industriousness, it turned out that such strange autistic bees are approximately 14% of all working individuals in all the hives.
You might be interested in: signs of Asperger Syndrome
Puffer fish feature
Brown puffer or, as it is also called, fishPuffer is actually not just an exotic dish. The fish genome is similar to the human one by 6%, but what is unusual is that puffer fish have almost as many genes as we have - 20,000. And another 22 pairs of chromosomes versus 23 - in humans, but there is one exception: garbage DNA, which does not encode proteins, is much smaller. It is for this reason that the fugu is interesting for comparative genetics. Since mammals and fish are in close kinship, studying the puffer, you can understand many similar issues, but related to the human body.
Gluttony of snakes
"The gut is thin" - so to speak about anyone,except about python. His diet can hardly be called healthy, because in one sitting, a python can receive tens of thousands of kilocalories. As a result, glucose jumps, and a huge load is created on the pancreas and kidneys. What is it interesting for a person?
But here's what: the human body experiences the same load when it has a tight lunch junk food. Scientists have learned that fast food is more dangerous than us.they thought that’s why, using the example of a python, they’re trying to figure out how the heart, as well as the digestive and excretory systems, cope with a sharp and irregular flow of energy.
Yes u reptiles have their own tricks that allow themabsorb several thousand kilocalories per sitting and maintain healthy vessels. But if we cannot turn into pythons, then we can study some mechanisms that will help us cope with diabetes or other digestive problems.